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See also:
U+5ABD, 媽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5ABD

[U+5ABC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5ABE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女尸手火 (VSQF), four-corner 41427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 268, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 535, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1070, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5ABD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
mraːʔ
mraːʔ
mraːʔ, *mraːs
mraːʔ
mraːʔ
mraːʔ
mraːs
mraːs
mraːs
maːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *mraːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/muoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/moX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɔX/
Li
Rong
/moX/
Wang
Li
/muX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8725
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mom; mum: an affectionate term for a mother
  2. (usually with qualifier) other older female relatives or house-servants
  3. (religion) "The Mother", an epithet of the Fujianese sea goddess Mazu (媽祖妈祖).

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 媽媽 (“mum (face-to-face)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 母親
Mandarin Beijing 媽媽
Taiwan 媽媽
Tianjin 媽媽
Harbin 媽媽
Shenyang 媽媽
Jinan 媽媽
Muping
Luoyang 媽兒
Jiedian
Ronghe
Xi'an
Xining 阿媽媽媽姆媽
Xuzhou 媽媽大兒
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi 媽媽阿娘 Hui阿娘子 used with minorities
Wuhan 姆媽媽媽
Chengdu 媽媽
Guiyang
Liuzhou 阿媽
Kunming
Yangzhou 媽媽姆媽
Nanjing 姆媽
Hefei 媽爺
Cantonese Guangzhou 阿媽媽媽
Hong Kong 媽咪阿媽媽媽
Dongguan 阿媽阿奶阿姐媽媽 childish媽咪 childish
Hong Kong (Weitou) 阿媽阿奶
Taishan
Yangjiang 阿媽阿娘
Xinyi 阿媽
Nanning 媽媽阿媽
Kuala Lumpur 阿媽媽咪
Gan Nanchang 姆媽
Lichuan 姆媽
Pingxiang 姆媽
Hakka Meixian 阿姆阿嫲
Xingning 阿媽
Qujiang 阿姆
Xiaosanjiang 阿姆阿嬸
Changting 姆媽姆娓
Pingyu
Wuping 姆姆依呀
Liancheng
Ninghua 姆媽
Yudu 媽媽
Ruijin 姆媽
Shicheng 姆媽
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿姆
Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿姆姆媽
Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿姆
Dongshi (Dabu) 阿姆
Zhuolan (Raoping) 阿姆
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿依
Hong Kong 阿媽
Sabah 阿姆
Senai 阿媽
Singkawang 阿姆
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou 波哇波波呀呀波呀
Min Bei Jian'ou 依呀媽媽
Min Dong Fuzhou 依媽依奶
Fuqing 依奶媽媽依娜
Matsu 依奶
Min Nan Xiamen 阿母阿母仔母仔阿媽阿娘
Quanzhou 阿母母仔阿娘
Zhangzhou 阿母母仔
Taipei 阿母阿娘媽媽
Kaohsiung 卡桑阿母仔
Tainan 歐卡桑阿母俺娘仔娘嬭
Taichung 媽媽阿母
Hsinchu 媽媽阿娘阿母
Lukang 阿母阿娘姨仔
Sanxia 阿母阿娘姨仔
Yilan 阿母阿娘
Kinmen 俺娘仔
Magong 阿母
Penang 阿母阿媽媽媽
Singapore 阿母
Chaozhou 阿媽阿娘阿姈
Haifeng 媽媽
Johor Bahru 阿媽媽媽
Haikou 阿媽阿姐阿娘 dated阿嫂 dated
Leizhou dated
Pinghua Nanning 阿媼 dated
Wu Shanghai 媽媽姆媽
Suzhou 姆媽
Hangzhou 姆媽媽媽
Wenzhou 阿媽阿奶
Chongming 姆媽
Danyang
Jinhua 姆媽
Ningbo 阿姆姆媽
Xiang Changsha 媽媽姆媽娘老子
Shuangfeng 姆媽
Loudi 依爺姆媽娘老子
Dialectal synonyms of 媽媽 (“mum (non-face-to-face)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 母親
Mandarin Beijing 媽媽
Taiwan 媽媽
Tianjin 媽媽
Harbin 媽媽
Shenyang 媽媽
Jinan 媽媽
Muping
Jiedian
Ronghe
Xi'an
Xining 阿媽媽媽姆媽
Xuzhou 媽媽大兒
Yinchuan
Lanzhou 老媽
Ürümqi 老娘
Wuhan 姆媽媽媽老娘黎山老 slang孟子見 dated slang
Chengdu 媽媽
Guiyang 老媽 humorous
Liuzhou 阿媽娘老老媽子
Kunming 媽媽
Yangzhou 媽媽姆媽老娘
Nanjing 姆媽
Hefei 媽爺
Nantong 娘嬭
Cantonese Guangzhou 老母
Hong Kong 老母老媽子阿媽媽咪
Dongguan 阿媽阿奶阿姐老母老乸 Changping媽媽 childish媽咪 childish
Hong Kong (Weitou) 老母阿奶
Taishan
Yunfu 老母
Yangjiang 阿奶
Xinyi 老母
Nanning 老乸
Kuala Lumpur 老媽子
Gan Nanchang 姆媽
Lichuan 家母
Pingxiang 姆媽娘老子
Hakka Meixian 哀仔
Xingning 哀哩阿媽
Huidong 阿姆
Qujiang 哀子
Xiaosanjiang 阿姆
Changting 哀哩
Pingyu 哀子
Wuping 哀哩
Liancheng
Ninghua 姆媽
Ruijin 乳子
Shicheng
Shangyou 姐佬
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 哀仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 哀仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 哀仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 哀仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 阿姆
Senai 吾媽
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 媽媽
Xinzhou 波波
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 娘嬭
Fuqing 娘嬭
Matsu 娘嬭
Min Nan Xiamen 老母娘嬭阿娘
Quanzhou 老母阿娘
Zhangzhou 老母娘嬭
Taipei 老母
Kaohsiung 老母
Tainan 老母
Taichung 老母媽媽
Hsinchu 老母
Lukang 老母
Sanxia 老母
Yilan 老母
Kinmen 老母俺母
Magong 老母
Penang 老母
Singapore 老母
Chaozhou 阿嬡
Shantou
Haifeng 媽媽
Johor Bahru 我媽
Haikou
Leizhou 尼母尼姨 dated
Pinghua Nanning 老娘阿媼 dated
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 姆媽
Hangzhou 姆媽媽媽
Wenzhou 阿媽阿奶
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo 阿娘
Xiang Changsha 媽媽姆媽娘老子
Shuangfeng 姆媽
Loudi 依爺姆媽娘老子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. mother

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ma) (hangeul , revised ma, McCune-Reischauer ma)

  1. mother
  2. grandmother

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mụ, , , mợ, ma)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.