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See also:
U+5ABD, 媽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5ABD

[U+5ABC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5ABE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女尸手火 (VSQF), four-corner 41427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 268, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 535, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1070, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5ABD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːʔ
*mraːʔ
*mraːʔ, *mraːs
*mraːʔ
*mraːʔ
*mraːʔ
*mraːs
*mraːs
*mraːs
*maːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *mraːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ma1/ma5 - "mother" or "female elder member in the family" (ma5 - more common form);
  • ma2 - "paternal grandmother" (阿媽) or "maternal grandmother" (外媽).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /muoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /muoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /moX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /moX/
    Wang
    Li
    /muX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /muoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8725
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. mom; mum: an affectionate term for a mother
      /   ―  Wǒ de ya!  ―  Oh my God! [Literally: Oh my Mom!]
    2. (usually with qualifier) other older female relatives or house-servants
    3. (religion) "The Mother", an epithet of the Fujianese sea goddess Mazu (媽祖妈祖).
    4. mare; female horse

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 媽媽 (“mum (face-to-face)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 母親
    Mandarin Beijing 媽媽, ,
    Taiwan 媽媽,
    Tianjin 媽媽,
    Harbin , 媽媽
    Shenyang 媽媽
    Jinan , 媽媽,
    Muping
    Luoyang , 媽兒
    Wanrong
    Wanrong (Ronghe)
    Xi'an
    Xining 阿媽, 媽媽, 姆媽
    Xuzhou 媽媽, , 大兒
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi 媽媽, , 阿娘 Hui, 阿娘子 used with minorities
    Wuhan 姆媽, 媽媽
    Chengdu 媽媽,
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou 阿媽,
    Kunming
    Yangzhou 媽媽, 姆媽
    Nanjing , 姆媽,
    Hefei , 媽爺
    Cantonese Guangzhou 阿媽, 媽媽
    Hong Kong 媽咪, 阿媽, 媽媽
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 阿媽, 阿奶
    Taishan
    Dongguan 阿媽, 阿奶, 阿姐, 媽媽 childish, 媽咪 childish
    Yangjiang 阿媽, 阿娘
    Xinyi 阿媽
    Nanning 媽媽, 阿媽,
    Kuala Lumpur 阿媽, 媽咪
    Gan Nanchang 姆媽
    Lichuan 姆媽
    Pingxiang 姆媽
    Hakka Meixian 阿姆, 阿嫲
    Xingning 阿媽
    Qujiang 阿姆
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 阿姆, 阿嬸
    Changting 姆媽, 姆娓
    Pingyu
    Wuping 姆姆, 依呀
    Liancheng
    Ninghua 姆媽
    Yudu , 媽媽,
    Ruijin 姆媽
    Shicheng 姆媽
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿姆
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿姆, 姆媽
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿姆
    Dongshi (Dabu) 阿姆
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 阿姆
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿依
    Hong Kong 阿媽
    Sabah 阿姆
    Senai 阿媽
    Singkawang 阿姆
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou 波哇, 波波呀, 呀波呀
    Min Bei Jian'ou 依呀, 媽媽
    Min Dong Fuzhou 依媽, 依奶
    Fuqing , 依奶, 媽媽, 依娜
    Matsu 依奶
    Min Nan Xiamen 阿母, 阿母仔, 母仔, 阿媽, 阿娘
    Quanzhou 阿母, 母仔, 阿娘
    Zhangzhou 阿母, 母仔, 咉奶, 嘔傴 euphemistic
    Taipei 阿母, 阿娘, 媽媽
    Kaohsiung 卡桑, 阿母仔
    Tainan 歐卡桑, 阿母, 俺娘仔, 娘嬭
    Taichung 媽媽, 阿母
    Hsinchu 媽媽, 阿娘, 阿母
    Lukang 阿母, 阿娘, 姨仔
    Sanxia 阿母, 阿娘, 姨仔
    Yilan 阿母, 阿娘
    Kinmen 俺娘仔
    Magong 阿母
    Penang 阿母, 阿媽, 媽媽,
    Singapore 阿母
    Chaozhou 阿媽, 阿娘, 阿姈
    Haifeng , 媽媽
    Johor Bahru 阿媽, 媽媽
    Haikou 阿媽, 阿姐, 阿娘 dated, 阿嫂 dated
    Leizhou , dated
    Pinghua Nanning , , , 阿媼 dated
    Wu Shanghai 媽媽, 姆媽
    Suzhou 姆媽
    Hangzhou 姆媽, 媽媽
    Wenzhou 阿媽, 阿奶,
    Chongming 姆媽
    Danyang ,
    Jinhua 姆媽
    Ningbo 阿姆, 姆媽
    Xiang Changsha 媽媽, 姆媽, 娘老子
    Shuangfeng 姆媽
    Loudi 依爺, 姆媽, 娘老子
    Dialectal synonyms of 媽媽 (“mum (non-face-to-face)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 母親
    Mandarin Beijing 媽媽, ,
    Taiwan 媽媽,
    Tianjin 媽媽,
    Harbin , 媽媽
    Shenyang 媽媽
    Jinan , 媽媽,
    Muping
    Wanrong
    Wanrong (Ronghe)
    Xi'an
    Xining 阿媽, 媽媽, 姆媽
    Xuzhou 媽媽, , 大兒
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou , 老媽
    Ürümqi 老娘
    Wuhan 姆媽, 媽媽, 老娘, 黎山老 slang, 孟子見 dated slang
    Chengdu 媽媽,
    Guiyang , 老媽 humorous
    Liuzhou , 阿媽, 娘老, 老媽子
    Kunming 媽媽
    Yangzhou 媽媽, 姆媽, 老娘
    Nanjing , 姆媽,
    Hefei , 媽爺
    Nantong 娘嬭
    Cantonese Guangzhou 老母
    Hong Kong 老母, 老媽子, 阿媽, 媽咪
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 老母, 阿奶
    Taishan
    Dongguan 阿媽, 阿奶, 阿姐, 老母, 老乸 Changping, 媽媽 childish, 媽咪 childish
    Yunfu 老母
    Yangjiang 阿奶
    Xinyi 老母
    Nanning , 老乸
    Kuala Lumpur 老媽子
    Gan Nanchang 姆媽,
    Lichuan , 家母
    Pingxiang 姆媽, 娘老子
    Hakka Meixian 哀仔
    Xingning 哀哩, 阿媽
    Huidong (Daling) 阿姆,
    Qujiang 哀子
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 阿姆
    Changting 哀哩
    Pingyu 哀子
    Wuping 哀哩
    Liancheng
    Ninghua 姆媽
    Ruijin , 乳子
    Shicheng
    Shangyou 姐佬
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 哀仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 哀仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 哀仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 哀仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 阿姆
    Senai 吾媽
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi ,
    Jin Taiyuan 媽媽,
    Xinzhou , 波波
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 娘嬭
    Fuqing 娘嬭
    Matsu 娘嬭
    Min Nan Xiamen 老母, 娘嬭, 阿娘
    Quanzhou 老母, 阿娘
    Zhangzhou 老母, 娘嬭
    Taipei 老母
    Kaohsiung 老母
    Tainan 老母
    Taichung 老母, 媽媽
    Hsinchu 老母
    Lukang 老母
    Sanxia 老母
    Yilan 老母
    Kinmen 老母, 俺母
    Magong 老母
    Penang 老母
    Singapore 老母
    Chaozhou 阿嬡
    Shantou
    Haifeng , 媽媽
    Johor Bahru 我媽
    Haikou
    Leizhou , , 尼母, 尼姨 dated
    Pinghua Nanning , 老娘, , , 阿媼 dated
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou , 姆媽
    Hangzhou 姆媽, 媽媽,
    Wenzhou 阿媽, 阿奶,
    Chongming
    Danyang ,
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 阿娘
    Xiang Changsha 媽媽, , 姆媽, 娘老子
    Shuangfeng 姆媽,
    Loudi 依爺, 姆媽, , 娘老子

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. mother

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ma) (hangeul , revised ma, McCune–Reischauer ma)

    1. mother
    2. grandmother

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mụ, , , mợ, ma)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.