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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 田中尸手火 (WLSQF), four-corner 60327, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 949, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1390, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4547, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7F75

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣaX/ /maX/ /maX/ /mɯaX/ /maɨX/ /maX/ /maX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣaH/ /maH/ /maH/ /mɯaH/ /maɨH/ /maH/ /maH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ H › /*C.mˤra-s/ scold, revile

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8717 0 /*mraːʔ/ 見史記
8721 0 /*mraːs/ 見史記

Verb[edit]

  1. to scold, to curse

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạ, mắng, , mựa)

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