Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+901A, 通
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-901A

[U+9019]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+901B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 162, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜弓戈月 (YNIB), four-corner 37302, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1743, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+901A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰoːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *loŋʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tĕ̤ng - vernacular;
  • tŭng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thang - vernacular;
    • thong - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˤoŋ/
    English penetrate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15428
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰoːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to lead to; to go through to
      心粉  ―  tōngxīnfěn  ―  macaroni
        ―  tōngdào  ―  passageway; thoroughfare
    2. to pass through; to travel through
    3. to connect; to communicate
    4. (telephony) to get through
    5. Classifier for phone calls, talks, criticisms, etc.
    6. to make sense; logical
    7. expert
      • 正字  ―  zhèngzìtōng  ―  literally "Correct Character Mastery", a 17th-century Chinese dictionary
    8. (of Chinese characters) to carry the same meaning as
      」。 / ”。  ―  Tōng “guó”.  ―  "" carries the same meaning as "".
    9. (Min Nan) can; may
    10. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gong2 m4 tung1 [Jyutping]  ―  unable to have someone understand what one is talking about

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (telephony: to get through): ()

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. pass through

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana つう, rōmaji -tsū)

    1. documents

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つう, rōmaji tsū)

    1. authority, expert, connoisseur
       () () (つう)
      shinatsū
      China hand

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune–Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thông, thong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.