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U+901A, 通
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-901A

[U+9019]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+901B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 162, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜弓戈月 (YNIB), four-corner 37302, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1743, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+901A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰoːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *loŋʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tòng and tòngr - Mainland standard for classifier for actions;
  • tōng - other senses.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • tĕ̤ng - vernacular;
    • tŭng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thang - vernacular;
    • thong - literary.
    Note:
    • tang1 - vernacular;
    • tong1 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁoŋ/
    English penetrate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15428
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰoːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pass through; to travel through; to go through; or, to allow passage
      心粉  ―  tōngxīnfěn  ―  macaroni (lit. "pass-through heart pasta")
        ―  tōngdào  ―  passageway; thoroughfare
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gong2 m4 tung1 [Jyutping]  ―  unable to have someone understand what one is talking about (lit. "unable to talk through")
    2. (telephony) to get through
    3. Classifier for phone calls, talks, criticisms, etc.
    4. Classifier for actions.
    5. to make sense; logical
    6. expert
    7. (of Chinese characters) to be etymologically related to and carry a similar meaning to
      …… / ……  ―  ...... tōng “guó”  ―  … is the same as ""
    8. (Min Nan) can; may

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (telephony: to get through): ()

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. pass through

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana つう, rōmaji -tsū)

    1. documents
       (しょう) (しょ) (いっ) (つう)
      shōsho ittsū
      one certificate

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つう, rōmaji tsū)

    1. authority, expert, connoisseur
       () () (つう)
      shinatsū
      China hand

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune–Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thông, thong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.