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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
通-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜弓戈月 (YNIB), four-corner 37302, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1743, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+901A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (6)
Final: (1)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰəwŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tōng ‹ thuwng › /*l̥ˤoŋ/ penetrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15428 0 /*l̥ʰoːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hollow and able to be passed through
    心粉  ―  tōngxīnfěn  ―  macaroni
  2. (by extension) unobstructed
      ―  tōngdào  ―  passageway; thoroughfare
  3. to pass through
  4. to communicate
  5. (of Chinese characters) to carry the same meaning as
    」。 / ”。  ―  Tōng "guó".  ―  Carries the same meaning as " (guó)".
  6. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    正字  ―  Zhèngzìtōng  ―  please add this translation if you can

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. pass through

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana つう, romaji -tsū)

  1. documents

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つう, romaji tsū)

  1. authority, expert, connoisseur

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune-Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thông, thong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.