普通

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Chinese[edit]

 
general; popular; everywhere; universal
 
go through; know well; to connect; to communicate; open
simp. and trad.
(普通)

Etymology[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

普通

  1. ordinary; plain; average
  2. common; universal; widespread

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (普通):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
つう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/putuː//fut͡suː/

From Middle Chinese compound 普通 ‎(pʰuoX thuwng, literally ordinary + through). Compare modern Hakka phû-thûng, Cantonese pou2 tung1, Mandarin pǔtōng.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

普通 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana ふつう, romaji futsū)

  1. common, ordinary

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The form 普通 is replacing 普通な in modern Japanese. See the usage notes below.

Noun[edit]

普通 ‎(hiragana ふつう, romaji futsū)

  1. the common, the ordinary, nothing special

Usage notes[edit]

As a noun, it is usually used with the possessive particle (​no), which makes it function as an adjective.

普通 is widely used for a variety of purposes. For example, to display modesty, one can use it respond to flattery (“oh, I’m nothing special”). Similarly, if a restaurant is okay, but not particularly noteworthy, it can be described as 普通.

普通 is also used in various conventional senses – a 普通列車 is a local train (as opposed to the 特急列車 or “special express train”), while an average student is a 普通の学生 (futsū no gakusei).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

普通 ‎(botong) ‎(hangeul 보통)

  1. Hanja form? of 보통, “normality; usually”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Adjective[edit]

普通

  1. Hán tự form of phổ thông, “common, ordinary