朋友

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Chinese[edit]

friend friend
simp. and trad.
(朋友)
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朋友

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (35)
Final () (129) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bəŋ/ /ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bəŋ/ /ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/ /ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəŋ/ /ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/bəŋ/ /ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/bəŋ/ /ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱəŋ/ /i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng yǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
péng yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ bong › ‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤəŋ/ /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English set of cowries; friend friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9663 15596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːŋ/ /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

朋友

  1. friend (Classifier: ; )
    結交朋友 / 结交朋友  ―  jiéjiāo xīn péngyǒu  ―  to make new friends
  2. (euphemistic) boyfriend or girlfriend; partner

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

  • 好友 (hǎoyǒu, “good friend”)
  • 老友 (lǎoyǒu, “old friend”)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (朋友):

Other:

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Jinmeiyō
ゆう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

朋友 (hiragana ほうゆう, rōmaji hōyū)

  1. friend

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]