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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
最-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloːds): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 13 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日尸十水 (ASJE), four-corner 60147, composition)

  1. most, extremely, exceedingly

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1516, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6700

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suei⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suei⁵³/
Jinan /t͡suei²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡suei⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suei¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡suei¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suei²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sei³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suei¹³/
Guiyang /t͡suei²¹³/
Kunming /t͡suei²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡se⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suei³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡se̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷei⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕye³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡səi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sui⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy³³/
Nanning /t͡sui³³/
Hong Kong /t͡søy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sue²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔy²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡suɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sue²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sui³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final: (26)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zuì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suɑiH/ /t͡sʷɑiH/ /t͡suɑiH/ /t͡swajH/ /t͡suɑiH/ /t͡suɑiH/ /t͡suɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuì ‹ tswajH › /*[ts]ˤot-s/ collect; most

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10645 3 /*zloːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. most
      ―  zuìjiā  ―  optimal

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かなめ, romaji Kaname)

  1. A male given name [2]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji Sai)

  1. A female given name

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji sai-)

  1. most, greatest

References[edit]

  1. ^ 女の子の名前辞書 - Name Catalogue (Girls only), Retrieved 6 May 2013
  2. ^ 赤ちゃんの名前 好感度調査 - Baby Name Catalogue, Retrieved 6 May 2013

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(choe) (hangeul , revised choe, McCune-Reischauer ch'oe, Yale choy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tối, tíu, tụi, tếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.