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U+6700, 最
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6700

[U+66FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6701]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
最-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 13 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日尸十水 (ASJE), four-corner 60147, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1516, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6700

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *sʰloːʔ, *sloːʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsloː, *ʔsruʔ, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *slos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰlos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ
*zloː, *zloːʔ, *sʰlo
*rlu, *rluʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsru, *zloʔ, *ljoːnʔ
*ʔsru
*ʔsru, *sʰroːɡ
*ʔsru, *sʰros, *zloːn
*ʔsru
*ʔsru
*zrus
*zloːds
*sʰoːds, *sʰoːd
*zoːds
*sʰroːds
*ʔslo
*ʔslo
*sʰloʔ, *sʰlos, *slo
*zloʔ, *zlos
*zlos
*zloːŋ
*zloːŋ
*ʔsoːd
*ʔsoːd, *sʰoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloːds): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suei⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suei⁵³/
Jinan /t͡suei²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡suei⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suei¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡suei¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suei²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sei³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suei¹³/
Guiyang /t͡suei²¹³/
Kunming /t͡suei²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡se⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suei³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡se̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷei⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕye³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡səi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sui⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy³³/
Nanning /t͡sui³³/
Hong Kong /t͡søy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sue²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔy²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡suɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sue²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (26)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swajH/
Li
Rong
/t͡suɑiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡suɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuì
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤot-s/
English collect; most

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10645
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. most; -est
      ―  zuìjiā  ―  optimal
  2. the most ... thing; the best
    世界  ―  shìjiè zhī zuì  ―  records of the world

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“most”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu 第一
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 第一
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 第一
Min Dong Fuzhou 第一
Min Nan Xiamen 第一
Quanzhou 第一
Zhangzhou 第一
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou 上頂
Wu Shanghai 最最
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かなめ, rōmaji Kaname)

  1. A male given name [2]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana さい, rōmaji Sai)

  1. A female given name

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana さい, rōmaji sai-)

  1. most, greatest

References[edit]

  1. ^ 女の子の名前辞書 - Name Catalogue (Girls only), Retrieved 6 May 2013
  2. ^ 赤ちゃんの名前 好感度調査 - Baby Name Catalogue, Retrieved 6 May 2013

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(choe) (hangeul , revised choe, McCune-Reischauer ch'oe, Yale choy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tối, tíu, tụi, tếu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.