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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 尸水女 (SEV), four-corner 17404, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 263, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 530, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1056, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5A36

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰloʔ, *sʰlos, *slo): phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ) + semantic 

Etymology[edit]

From (, “to take, to obtain, to collect, to fetch”). Compare the etymology of .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰy⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
/t͡ɕy¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰy²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
/t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰy³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰi⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰy²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøy³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰy³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰøy²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰua³¹/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (16) (14)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨo/ /t͡sʰɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sio/ /t͡sʰioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sio/ /t͡sʰioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suə̆/ /t͡sʰuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/sio/ /t͡sʰioH/
Wang
Li
/sĭu/ /t͡sʰĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯u/ /t͡sʰi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ʰoʔ-s/
English take a wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 10655 10658 10663
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰloʔ/ /*sʰlos/ /*slo/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of a man) to marry, to take a wife
    老婆  ―  lǎopó  ―  marry a woman

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chwi) (hangeul , revised chwi, McCune-Reischauer ch'wi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thú)

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