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See also: , , , , , and 𠬠
U+53C8, 又
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C8

[U+53C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes
Stroke order
又-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 弓大 (NK), four-corner 17400, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #29, .

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 164, character 43
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3115
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53C8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
又-oracle.svg 又-bronze.svg 又-silk.svg 又-seal.svg 又-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Pictogram (象形) – a right hand. Original form of (OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs, “right”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/
English also, in addition

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15603
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. again; once more
    • 下雨  ―  Yòu xiàyǔ le!  ―  It's raining again!
    •   ―  xiǎng le yòu xiǎng  ―  to think and think; to deeply think about
  2. also; in addition
  3. and; too
  4. (又……又……) both ... and ...
    • / 饿  ―  yòu è yòu kě.  ―  I am hungry and thirsty.

See also[edit]

  • (again): (zài)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. again, as well
  2. and
  3. also

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune–Reischauer u)

  1. friend, companion
  2. fraternity

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hựu, lại)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]