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U+53C8, 又
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C8

[U+53C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C9]
See also: , , , , , and 𠬠

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
又-bw.png
Stroke order
又-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 弓大 (NK), four-corner 17400)

  1. Kangxi radical #29, (again).

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 164, character 43
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3115
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53C8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
又-oracle.svg 又-bronze.svg 又-silk.svg 又-bigseal.svg 又-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand. Original form of (OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs, “right (hand)”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/
English also, in addition

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15603
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. again; once more
    • 下雨  ―  Yòu xiàyǔ le!  ―  It's raining again!
    •   ―  xiǎng le yòu xiǎng  ―  to think and think; to deeply think about
  2. also; in addition
  3. and; too
  4. (又……又……) both ... and ...
    • / 饿  ―  yòu è yòu kě.  ―  I am hungry and thirsty.

See also[edit]

  • (again): (zài)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. again, as well
  2. also

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hựu, lại)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]