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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ruːls, *ruds):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +10, 19 strokes, cangjie input 火大一月金 (FKMBC), four-corner 91486, composition ⿰⿱)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1408, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43608
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1926, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4387, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+985E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lei⁵¹/
Harbin /lei⁵³/
Tianjin /lei⁵³/
Jinan /luei²¹/
Qingdao /le⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luei³¹²/
Xi'an /luei⁴⁴/
Xining /luɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /luei¹³/
Lanzhou /luei¹³/
Ürümqi /luei²¹³/
Wuhan /nei³⁵/
Chengdu /nuei¹³/
Guiyang /nuei²¹³/
Kunming /nuei²¹²/
Nanjing /luəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /le⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /luei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /luei³⁵/
Hohhot /luei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /le¹³/
Suzhou /le̞³¹/
Hangzhou /lei¹³/
Wenzhou /løy²²/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
/ly²²/
Tunxi /lə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /nəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /lui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lui⁵³/
Taoyuan /lui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /løy²²/
Nanning /lui²²/
Hong Kong /løy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lui³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lui³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (16)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lèi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/liuɪH/ /lʷiH/ /ljuɪH/ /lwiH/ /luiH/ /lwiH/ /lwiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lèi ‹ lwijH › /*[r]u[t]-s/ category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7770 2 /*ruːls/
7772 3 /*ruds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. class, group, kind, category

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 両生類 (りょうせいるい, ryōseirui)
  • 魚類 (ぎょるい, gyorui)
  • 鳥類 (ちょうるい, chōrui)
  • 爬虫類 (はちゅうるい, hachūrui)
  • 哺乳類 (ほにゅうるい, honyūrui)
  • 分類 (ぶんるい, bunrui)
  • 種類 (しゅるい, shurui)

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryu, yu) (hangeul , , revised ryu, yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu, yu, Yale lyu, yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loại, loài, nòi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.