人類

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See also: 人类

Chinese[edit]

man; person; people
 
kind; type; class; category; similar; like; to resemble
trad. (人類)
simp. (人类)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (37)
Final () (43) (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪn/ /liuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵin/ /lʷiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjen/ /ljuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵin/ /lwiH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕn/ /luiH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕn/ /lwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /lwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén lèi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén lèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyin › ‹ lwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[ŋ]/ /*[r]u[t]-s/
English (other) person category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 10800 7772
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njin/ /*ruds/

Noun[edit]

人類

  1. humanity; humans (as a collective); humankind; the human race
    人類前途 / 人类前途  ―  rénlèi qiántú  ―  the future of the human race
    圖書館人類知識海洋 [MSC, trad.]
    图书馆人类知识海洋 [MSC, simp.]
    Túshūguǎn shì rénlèi zhīshí de hǎiyáng. [Pinyin]
    Libraries contain knowledge of human experience as vast as the open sea.
    書籍人類進步階梯 [MSC, trad.]
    书籍人类进步阶梯 [MSC, simp.]
    Shūjí shì rénlèi jìnbù de jiētī. [Pinyin]
    The book is the ladder of human progress.
    考古學研究人類文化歷史學科 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    考古学研究人类文化历史学科 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Haau2 gu2 hok6 hai6 jat1 mun4 jin4 gau3 jan4 leoi6 man4 faa3 tung4 lik6 si2 ge3 hok6 fo1. [Jyutping]
    Archaeology is a science that studies human cultures and history.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (人類):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
るい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

人類 (hiragana じんるい, rōmaji jinrui)

  1. mankind, the human race, humanity
    人類 (じんるい)起源 (きげん)
    jinrui no kigen
    the origins of the human race

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

人類 (illyu) (hangeul 인류)

  1. Hanja form? of 인류 (human).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

人類

  1. Hán tự form of nhân loại (mankind; humanity; human beings).