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U+5982, 如
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5982

[U+5981]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5983]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
如-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女口 (VR), four-corner 46400, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
如-oracle.svg 如-bronze.svg 如-bigseal.svg 如-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rnaː
*rnaː
*rnaː
*rnaː, *na
*rnaː, *naː, *naːs
*rnaː, *na
*rnaːs, *nas, *snas, *nas
*rnaːw
*rnaːw
*n̥ʰaːŋʔ, *naː
*naː
*naː, *naːʔ
*naː
*naː
*naːʔ
*naːʔ
*naːʔ, *naːs
*na
*na
*naʔ, *nas
*naʔ
*hnjas
*nja, *njas
*nja, *njaʔ, *njas
*nja, *njas
*nja
*nja
*njaʔ
*njaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nja, *njas): phonetic (OC *naʔ, *nas, woman) + semantic (mouth). Also interpreted as ideogrammic compound (會意): a woman obeying an order.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐu³⁵/
Harbin /lu²⁴/
/ʐu²⁴/
Tianjin /iu⁴⁵/
/ʐu⁴⁵/
Jinan /lu⁴²/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐu⁴²/
Xi'an /vu²⁴/
Xining /v̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐu⁵³/
Lanzhou /vu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐu²¹³/
/vu²¹³/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /zu³¹/
Guiyang /zu²¹/
Kunming /ʐu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐu²⁴/
Hefei /ʐu⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zu¹¹/
Pingyao /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /y⁴⁴/
Tunxi /y⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y¹³/
Xiangtan /y¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɵ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²¹/
Nanning /y²¹/
Hong Kong /jy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zu³¹/
/zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨʌ/ /ȵɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɔ/ /ȵiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɔ/ /ȵʑiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨə̆/ /ȵɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ȵiɔ/ /ȵiɔH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭo/ /ȵʑĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯wo/ /ȵʑi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyo › ‹ nyo ›
Old
Chinese
/*na/ /*na/
English go to as, like, if

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9623 9631
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nja/ /*njas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. if; supposing
  2. as if; as though
  3. like; as
  4. such as; for example
  5. (usually with ) as good as

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to seem

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yeo, McCune-Reischauer: yŏ)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(như, nhơ, dừ, nhừ, rừ, nhượng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.