鹿

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鹿 U+9E7F, 鹿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E7F

[U+9E7E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E80]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鹿-order.gif

Han character[edit]

鹿 (radical 198, 鹿+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈X心 (IXP), four-corner 00211)

  1. Kangxi radical #198, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4727, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9E7F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
鹿
鹿

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 鹿
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鹿-oracle.svg 鹿-bronze.svg 鹿-seal.svg 鹿-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (鹿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰlo, *roːɡ
鹿 *b·roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a deer. Current form is highly abstracted – legs have transformed to – note grouping of front and rear legs, which are bent – head has transformed to middle component (similar to /), while antlers on top and extended lip/mouth on left transformed into 广. This transformation occurred during seal characters.

Contrast the very different development of (“horse”), and the transformation in 𢊁 (as in ), which has the head of 鹿 but the legs of ().

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lĕ̤k - vernacular;
  • lṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 鹿
    Mandarin Beijing /lu⁵¹/
    Harbin /lu⁵³/
    Tianjin /lu⁵³/
    Jinan /lu²¹/
    Qingdao /lu²⁴/
    Zhengzhou /lu²⁴/
    Xi'an /lu²¹/
    Xining /lv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lu¹³/
    Lanzhou /lu¹³/
    Ürümqi /lu²¹³/
    Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /nu³¹/
    Guiyang /nu²¹/
    Kunming /lu³¹/
    Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
    Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
    Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
    Suzhou /loʔ³/
    Hangzhou /loʔ²/
    Wenzhou /lɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /lu²²/
    Tunxi /ləu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /luk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /luk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
    Nanning /luk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /luk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔk̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
    /ʔdiak̚³/

    Rime
    Character 鹿
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (3)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ləwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /luk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /luk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 鹿
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-rˤok/
    English deer

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 鹿
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8565
    Phonetic
    component
    鹿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*b·roːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    鹿

    1. deer
    2. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    鹿

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. deer

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana , rōmaji ka)

    1. (archaic) deer
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿
    しか
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /seka//sika/

    Originally a compound of (se, male) +‎ 鹿 (ka, deer), in contrast to 女鹿 (meka, female deer, archaic).[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana しか, rōmaji shika)

    1. deer
       () () (こう) (えん)には鹿 (しか)しかいない。
      Nara kōen ni wa shika shika inai.
      There is nothing but deer in Nara Park.
    Idioms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿
    かせぎ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From the resemblance to a 桛木 (kasegi, cross-shaped spindle; a branching point in a tree)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana かせぎ, rōmaji kasegi)

    1. (archaic) deer
      • 1212: Hōjōki
        山鳥 (やまどり)のほろと ()くを ()きても、 (ちち) (はは)かと (うたが)ひ、 (みね)かせぎ (ちか)くなれたるにつけても、 () (とお)ざかるほどを ()る。
        Yamadori no horo to naku o kikite mo, chichi ka haha ka to utagahi, mine no kasegi no chikaku naretaru ni tsukete mo, yo ni tōzakaru hodo oshiru.
        Hearing the horo call of the mountain pheasant, wondering if it were my father or mother [calling from beyond the grave], and seeing how the deer on the ridge are so tame that they come close by, all of it shows me how far away I am from the world.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿
    かのしし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of 鹿 (ka, deer) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (しし, meat, flesh).[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana かのしし, rōmaji kanoshishi)

    1. (archaic) deer
    2. deer meat: venison

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿
    しし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (shishi, meat, flesh).[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana しし, rōmaji shishi)

    1. (archaic) a beast (used for its meat, such as a boar or a deer)
    2. short for 猪武者 (inoshishi musha): a reckless warrior
    3. short for 鹿狩り (shishi-gari): a deer hunter
    4. (slang) a female attendant at a bathhouse or hot spring
    5. (slang, archaic) a female prostitute at a bathhouse or hot spring
    Usage notes[edit]

    The beast sense is more commonly spelled .

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    鹿
    ろく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 鹿 (luwk, deer). Compare modern Min Nan reading lo̍k.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    鹿 (hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

    1. deer
    2. venison or wild boar meat

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    鹿 (rok, nok) (hangeul , , revised rok, nok, McCune–Reischauer rok, nok, Yale lok, nok)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    鹿 (lộc, )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.