馴鹿

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See also: 驯鹿

Chinese[edit]

attain gradually; tame deer
trad. (馴鹿) 鹿
simp. (驯鹿) 鹿
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馴鹿

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馴鹿

  1. reindeer



Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
馴鹿 (tonakai, junroku): a reindeer.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
鹿
Jinmeiyō Grade: S
Irregular

Borrowing from Ainu[1][2][3][4], either トナッカイ (tonakkai, recorded as Sakhalin dialect),[4][5] or トゥナㇵカィ (tunahkay, listed in contemporary Ainu sources).[6] The kanji are an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 馴鹿.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

馴鹿 (katakana トナカイ, rōmaji tonakai)

  1. a reindeer
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as トナカイ. The kanji spelling is also less common in general use.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
鹿
じゅん
Jinmeiyō
ろく
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 馴鹿 (/ziuɪn luk̚/, literally tame, docile + deer). Compare modern Cantonese readings seon4 luk6, seon4 luk6-2, Mandarin xùnlù, xúnlù, and Vietnamese tuần lộc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

馴鹿 (hiragana じゅんろく, rōmaji junroku)

  1. (uncommon) a reindeer
Usage notes[edit]

Tonakai (above) is the more common reading for this term.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ Batchelor, John (1926) An Ainu-English-Japanese Dictionary[1], third edition, Tokyo: Kyobunkan
  6. ^ 中級アイヌ語―美幌― (Chūkyū Ainu-go - Bihoro, “Intermediate Ainu: Bihoro”)[2], Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan: 財団法人アイヌ文化振興・研究推進機構 (Zaidan Hōjin Ainu Bunka Shinkō / Kenkyū Suishin Kikō, “Foundation for the Advancement, Research, and Promotion of Ainu Culture”), 2011