From Middle English reyndere, reynder, rayne-dere, from Old Norse hreindýri (“reindeer”), from hreinn (“reindeer”) + dýr (“animal”). Compare Dutch rendier (“reindeer”), German Rentier (“reindeer”), Swedish rendjur (“reindeer”). Related also to displaced Old English hrān (“reindeer”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪndɪə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪndɪɹ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪndɪə, -eɪndɪɹ
- Hyphenation: rein‧deer
reindeer (plural reindeer or reindeers)
- (plural: reindeer) Any Arctic and subarctic-dwelling deer of the species Rangifer tarandus, with a number of subspecies.
- Santa Claus' sleigh is supposedly pulled by eight reindeer
- 1768, D[aniel] Fenning, “LAPLAND”, in The Royal English Dictionary; or, A Treasury of the English Language, 3rd improved edition, London: Printed for R. Baldwin, Hawes and Co., T. Caslon, S. Crowder, J. Johnson, Wilson and Fell, Robinson and Roberts, and B. Collins, OCLC 22419759:
- Here is a prodigious number of wild beaſts, as ſtags, bears, wolves, foxes of various colours, martens, hares, glittens, beavers, otters, elk, and rein deer: the latter is leſs than a stag.
- 2013 March, Nancy Langston, “Mining the Boreal North”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 2, archived from the original on 13 April 2016, page 98:
- Reindeer are well suited to the taiga’s frigid winters. They can maintain a thermogradient between body core and the environment of up to 100 degrees, in part because of insulation provided by their fur, and in part because of counter-current vascular heat exchange systems in their legs and nasal passages.
- (plural: reindeers, biology) Any species, subspecies, ecotype, or other scientific grouping of such animals.
- Arctic reindeer (†R. t. eogroenlandicus)
- busk reindeer (R. t. buskensis)
- Finnish forest reindeer (R. t. fennicus)
- Kamchatkan reindeer (R. t. phylarchus)
- mountain reindeer (R. t. tarandus)
- Novaya Zemlya reindeer (R. t. pearsoni)
- reindeer calf
- reindeer games
- reindeer lichen (Cladonia spp.)
- reindeer moss (Cladonia spp.)
- Siberian forest reindeer (R. t. valentinae)
- Siberian tundra reindeer (R. t. sibiricus)
- Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus)
- wild reindeer (R. t. tarandus)
- To herd or farm reindeer