馬鹿

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See also: 马鹿

Chinese[edit]

horse; surname deer
trad. (馬鹿) 鹿
simp. (马鹿) 鹿
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馬鹿

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馬鹿

  1. horse and deer
  2. red deer
  3. (Japanese) fool

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
鹿

Grade: 2

Grade: S
jūbakoyomi
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 馬鹿 on Japanese Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a transcription of Sanskrit मोह (moha, folly), used as a slang term among monks.[1][2][3] Alternatively, arising from the same root as Old Japanese (woko, modern oko, stupidity, ridiculousness), also sometimes used as ateji for Sanskrit मोह (moha).

The kanji are ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

馬鹿 (-na inflection, hiragana ばか, katakana バカ, rōmaji baka)

  1. foolish, idiotic, stupid, ridiculous
    • 1988 October 20, Adachi, Mitsuru, “だい22 こころ [Chapter 22: Maria’s Heart]”, in スローステップSLOW STEP [SLOW STEP], volume 3 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 149:
      あなた () (わる)くない
      Anata me waruku nai
      You have very bad eyesight, don’t you?
      バカなこというなよ ボクサーだぜ  ()のよさは () (がみ)つきだよ きみのほうがぜったいにかわいいよ!
      Baka na koto iu na yo Bokusā da ze Me no yosa wa origamitsuki da yo Kimi no hō ga zettai ni kawaii yo!
      That’s ridiculous! I’m a boxer! I have certifiably flawless eyesight! You definitely are prettier!
      はい はい
      Hai hai
      Sure, sure
  2. useless; futile

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

馬鹿 (hiragana ばか, katakana バカ, rōmaji baka)

  1. a fool, an idiot
    • 2008 April 20 [Mar 31 2008], Himaruya, Hidekaz, “Meeting of the World”, in Axis Powers ヘタリア [Axis Powers Hetalia], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Gentosha, →ISBN:
      俺は反対だ!そんな現実味のない案賛成できるか!それとlearnedって言うな!何だよlearnedってlearntだバカ
      Ore wa hantai da! Sonna genjitsumi no nai an sansei dekiru ka! Sore to learnedtte iu na! Nan da yo learned tte learnt da baka!
      I disagree! Who would approve such a nonsensical idea⁉ And stop saying ‘learned’! It’s ‘learnt’, not ‘learned’, you fool!
    • 2006 November 7, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だい百二十七くん クーラーはタイマーでれるようにしてからないと風邪かぜひくよ [Lesson 127: Set the Timer to Automatically Turn off Air-Con When You Sleep or You’ll Get a Cold]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 15 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      なんでよりによって
      Nan de yori ni yotte
      But why her of all people
      バカはカゼひかないって ()
      Baka wa kaze hikanaitte i…
      They say idiots never get colds, ri…
  2. uselessness, futility
  3. a tool used for counting coins

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone, as バカ.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN