馬鹿

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
鹿
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a transcription of Sanskrit मोह (moha), used as slang among monks[1][2]. Alternately, arising from the same root as Old Japanese (woko, modern oko, stupidity, ridiculousness), also sometimes used as an ateji for Sanskrit मोह (moha).

The kanji are ateji.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

馬鹿 (-na inflection, hiragana ばか, romaji baka)

  1. unintelligent and foolish; idiotic, stupid

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

馬鹿 (hiragana ばか, romaji baka)

  1. a fool; someone who is unintelligent and foolish
  2. useless, futile
  3. Mactra chinensis, a type of bivalve shellfish: see 馬鹿貝 (​bakagai)
  4. a tool used for counting coins

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3