馬鹿

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See also: 马鹿

Chinese[edit]

horse deer
trad. (馬鹿) 鹿
simp. (马鹿) 鹿
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馬鹿

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馬鹿

  1. red deer
  2. (Japanese) fool

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

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 馬鹿 on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
鹿

Grade: 2

Grade: S
jūbakoyomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a transcription of Sanskrit मोह (moha, folly), used as a slang term among monks[1][2][3]. Alternately, arising from the same root as Old Japanese (woko, modern oko, stupidity, ridiculousness), also sometimes used as ateji for Sanskrit मोह (moha).

The kanji are ateji (当て字). The kana spelling (バカ) is more common.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

馬鹿 (-na inflection, hiragana ばか, katakana バカ, rōmaji baka)

  1. foolish; idiotic; stupid
    • 1988 July 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, “りゅうけつ [Bloodshedders]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140702-3 Invalid ISBN, page 159:
      今から考えるとおれ、ばかみたいだよ。どうしてあんなに新人になるのをいやがったのか。
      Ima kara kangaeru to ore, baka mitai da yo. Dōshite anna ni shinjin ni naru no o iyagatta no ka.
      In retrospect, it was pretty foolish of me. How come I hated to change into a new man so bad?
  2. useless; futile

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

馬鹿 (hiragana ばか, katakana バカ, rōmaji baka)

  1. a fool; an idiot
  2. uselessness; futility
  3. a tool used for counting coins

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0