しか

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See also: しが, じか, and じが

Japanese

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Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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  • (Tokyo) [shìká] (Heiban – [0])
  • IPA(key): [ɕi̥ka̠]
  • Audio:(file)

Particle

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しか (shika

  1. (binding particle) nothing but, only (followed by negative verb)
    (がん)()しかない。
    Ganbaru shika nai.
    All we can do is keep on trying our best.
    (literally, “There is nothing but trying our best.”)
    品質(ひんしつ)(たか)すぎて(ほん)(もの)しか()ない。
    Hinshitsu ga takasugite honmono ni shika mienai.
    The quality is so high that it looks just like the real thing.
    (literally, “The quality is so high that I can't see it as anything except the real thing.”)
    (あい)(まい)しか(かた)なかった
    aimai ni shika kataranakatta
    only spoke vaguely
    (literally, “did not speak except vaguely”)
  2. (sentence ending particle) Used to express one's desire.
    Synonym: しが
Usage notes
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  • しか (shika, binding particle) is always used with a negative verb; as such, another interpretation could be "except for". It directly follows "the thing considered as the only choice", and always comes before the negative particle.
    (わたし)しかこれを()わない
    watashi shika kore o kawanai
    Only I will buy this.
    (わたし)これしか()わない
    watashi wa kore shika kawanai
    I will buy only this.
    (わたし)はこれを()しかない
    watashi wa kore o kau shika nai
    I have to buy this.

Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of しか – see the following entries.
鹿4
[noun] deer
Alternative spelling
シカ
(This term, しか (shika), is the hiragana spelling of the above term.)
For a list of all kanji read as しか, see Category:Japanese kanji read as しか.)

(The following entry is uncreated: .)

Etymology 3

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For pronunciation and definitions of しか – see the following entries.
史家
[noun] historian
歯科
[noun] dentistry
[noun] (by extension) a dentist's office
詩歌
[noun] (obsolete) Japanese and Chinese poetry
[noun] (poetry, obsolete) a rhymed poem (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
志賀
[proper noun] a town in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan
[proper noun] short for 志賀島 (Shikanoshima), an area north of Fukuoka city
(This term, しか (shika), is the hiragana spelling of the above terms.)
For a list of all kanji read as しか, see Category:Japanese kanji read as しか.)

(The following entries are uncreated: 史科, 四火, 四果, 四科, 市価, 死火, 糸価, 私家, 知客, 師家, 疵瑕, 紙花, 紙価, 翅果, 詞花, 詩家, 雌花, 賜暇, 子夏.)

Etymology 4

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Suffix

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しか (-shika

  1. (Classical Japanese) realis form of (ki, -ed [past tense indicator])