詩歌

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See also: 诗歌

Chinese[edit]

poem; poetry; verse song
trad. (詩歌)
simp. (诗歌)
alternative forms 詩哥诗哥 obsolete
anagram 歌詩歌诗
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (28)
Final () (19) (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨ/ /kɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨ/ /kɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕie/ /kɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨ/ /ka/
Li
Rong
/ɕiə/ /kɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭə/ /kɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi/ /kɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
si1 go1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ syi › ‹ ka ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tə/ /*[k]ˁaj/
English poetry sing, song

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12052 7438
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯ/ /*kaːl/

Noun[edit]

詩歌

  1. (literature) poetry; poem (Classifier: m c)
    詩歌朗誦 / 诗歌朗诵  ―  shīgē lǎngsòng  ―  poetry recital
  2. (religion) hymn (Classifier: m c)

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (詩歌):
  • Japanese: (しい)() (shīka)
  • Korean: 시가 (詩歌, siga)
  • Vietnamese: thi ca (詩歌)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
し > しい
Grade: 3

Grade: 2
Irregular on’yomi
Alternative spelling
詩哥

/ɕika//ɕiːka/

Shift from older shika below. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Now the 慣用読み (kan'yōyomi, common reading) form, possibly to avoid confusion with homophones.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しい)() (shīka

  1. Japanese and Chinese poetry
  2. (poetry) a rhymed poem (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 詩歌 (MC ɕɨ kɑ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (shika

  1. (obsolete) Japanese and Chinese poetry
  2. (poetry, obsolete) a rhymed poem (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

詩歌 (siga) (hangeul 시가)

  1. Hanja form? of 시가 (poem).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

詩歌

  1. Hán tự form of thơ ca (poetry).