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U+4FC4, 俄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FC4

[U+4FC3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人竹手戈 (OHQI), four-corner 23250, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 162, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+4FC4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋa/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑ/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
é
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13035
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. suddenly; (very) soon; presently
      ―  é'ér  ―  after a while; presently
  2. tilted

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Short for 俄羅斯俄罗斯 (Éluósī, “Russia”).
    /   ―  É  ―  Russian language

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
にわか
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Adjective[edit]

(にわか) (niwaka-na (adnominal (にわか) (niwaka na), adverbial (にわか) (niwaka ni), historical kana にはか)

  1. sudden, abrupt, unexpected, improvised, offhand
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(にわか) (niwaka (historical kana にはか)

  1. abbreviation of 俄狂言(にわかきょうげん) (niwaka kyōgen): a farce; an impromptu comic interlude during a Noh play
  2. by extension, any impromptu joke, witticism, or pun
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

() (ga

  1. sudden, abrupt, unexpected
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (a))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: nga ((ngũ)()(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: nga[1][2][3][6], ngoa[2]

  1. Hán tự form of Nga, nga (Russia, Russian).
  2. Hán tự form of nga (sudden; in an instant).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]