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U+4FC4, 俄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FC4

[U+4FC3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人竹手戈 (OHQI), four-corner 23250, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 162, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+4FC4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋa/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑ/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
é
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13035
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. suddenly, (very) soon, presently
      ―  éér  ―  after a while; presently
  2. Russia (abbreviation) (É, È)
    /   ―  É  ―  Russian language
  3. a phonetic component used in loanwords
    克拉何馬 / 克拉何马  ―  Ékèlāhémǎ  ―  Oklahoma
    勒岡 / 勒冈  ―  Élègāng  ―  Oregon

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjective[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana にわか, romaji niwaka)

  1. sudden, abrupt, unexpected, improvised, offhand

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にわか, romaji niwaka)

  1. abbreviation of 俄狂言 (にわかきょうげん)(niwaka kyōgen): a farce; an impromptu comic interlude during a Noh play
  2. by extension, any impromptu joke, witticism, or pun

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of Nga, nga, “Russia, Russian

References[edit]