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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
羊-bw.png
我-torder.gif 我-order.gif
(traditional) (modern)

Han character[edit]

(radical 123 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿土竹手戈 (TGHQI), four-corner 80553, composition𦍌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 952, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1397, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3133, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7FA9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
義-oracle.svg 義-bronze.svg 義-bigseal.svg 義-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrals): semantic  ‎(sheep) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋaːlʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵¹/
Harbin /i⁵³/
Tianjin /i⁵³/
Jinan /i²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i³¹²/
Xi'an /i⁴⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i¹³/
Lanzhou /i¹³/
Ürümqi /i²¹³/
Wuhan /i³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵi¹³/
Guiyang /ni²¹³/
/i²¹³/
Kunming /i²¹²/
Nanjing /i⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /i⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ȵi³⁵/
Hohhot /i⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ɦi³¹/
Hangzhou /ȵi¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ȵi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋi⁵³/
Taoyuan /ŋi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²²/
Nanning /ji²²/
Hong Kong /ji²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋĩ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi³⁵/
/ŋi³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ŋjeH/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aj-s/
English duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13045
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrals/

Definitions[edit]

  1. right conduct; righteousness; justice; morality
  2. meaning; implication
  3. rule; regulation
  4. charity; free
  5. adopted; foster
  6. artificial
  7. (Taiwan) Short for 義大利义大利 (Yìdàlì, “Italy”).
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. a situation which has a right and proper reason
  2. a meaning
  3. a relative who has no blood relation
  4. an object which can be used properly instead of a right one

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghĩa, nghì, ngửi, ngãi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.