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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋralʔ): semantic  ‎(insect) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋrals).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/p/s-rwak.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋjeX/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/
English ant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13049
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋralʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. ant
  2. foam or sediment in wine
  3. humble, inconsiderable
  4. black
  5. in an assembled manner
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 螞蟻 (“ant”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical 螞蟻
Mandarin Beijing 螞蟻
Taiwan 螞蟻
Tianjin 螞蟻
Jinan 螞蟻米蛘
Xi'an 螞蟻
Wuhan 螞蟻螞印子螞燕子
Chengdu 螞蟻兒螞蟻子
Yangzhou 螞蟻
Hefei 螞蟻
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 螞蟻螞寅子
Hakka Meixian 蟻公蟻仔
Xingning 咪公
Huidong (Huizhou)
Qujiang 蟻公
Xiaosanjiang 蟻公
Changting 蟻公
Pingyu 蟻公
Wuping 蟻公
Liancheng 蟻公
Ninghua 蟻公
Yudu 螞蟻
Ruijin 蟻公子螞蟻
Shicheng 蟻公
Shangyou 螞蟻
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟻公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟻公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟻公
Dongshi (Dabu) 蟻公
Taiwanese Raoping 蟻公
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟻子
Jin Taiyuan 螞蚍蜉螞蚍蜉兒螞蟻
Min Bei Jian'ou 蟻稚仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 紅蟻黃蟻
Min Nan Quanzhou 狗蟻
Xiamen 狗蟻
Zhangzhou 狗蟻
Taipei 狗蟻
Kaohsiung 狗蟻
Tainan 狗蟻
Taichung 狗蟻
Yilan 狗蟻
Lukang 狗蟻
Sanxia 狗蟻
Kinmen 狗蟻
Magong 狗蟻
Hsinchu 狗蟻
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 螞蟻
Suzhou 螞蟻
Wenzhou 火蟻
Xiang Changsha 螞蟻子
Shuangfeng 螞蟻子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese (ngai5).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ありのこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ari, ant) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ ‎(ko, child; small thing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

  1. ant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

Compounds[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghĩ, nghị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant