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See also:
U+87FB, 蟻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87FB

[U+87FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋralʔ): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *ŋrals).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/p/s-rwak.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiā/hiǎ - vernacular;
  • gí - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠiᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚiɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋjiə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋjeX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/
    English ant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13049
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋralʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. ant
    2. foam or sediment in wine
    3. humble, inconsiderable
    4. black
    5. in an assembled manner
    6. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. ant
    Readings[edit]
    • Go-on: (gi)
    • Kan-on: (gi)
    • Kun: あり (ari, ); ありのこ (arinoko, )

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese reading ngai5.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    () (gi

    1. ant
    Usage notes[edit]

    This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, leg) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (あり) (ari

    1. ant
    Idioms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ありのこ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (ari, ant) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ありのこ) (arinoko

    1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
    2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
    Usage notes[edit]

    The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

    1. ant

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (ui))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    1. ant

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あい, romaji ai)

    1. ant

    Compounds[edit]

    • 蟻子 (あいこー, aikō, ant)

    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nghĩ, nghị

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    1. ant