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See also:
U+87FB, 蟻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87FB

[U+87FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋralʔ): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *ŋrals).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/p/s-rwak.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiā/hiǎ - vernacular;
  • gí - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠiᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚiɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋjiə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋjeX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/
    English ant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13049
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋralʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. ant
    2. foam or sediment in wine
    3. humble, inconsiderable
    4. black
    5. in an assembled manner
    6. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 螞蟻 (“ant”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 螞蟻
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 螞蟻
    Mandarin Beijing 螞蟻
    Taiwan 螞蟻
    Tianjin 螞蟻
    Jinan 螞蟻米蛘
    Xi'an 螞蟻
    Wuhan 螞蟻螞印子螞燕子
    Chengdu 螞蟻兒螞蟻子
    Yangzhou 螞蟻
    Hefei 螞蟻
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 螞蟻螞寅子
    Hakka Meixian 蟻公蟻仔
    Xingning 咪公
    Huidong
    Qujiang 蟻公
    Xiaosanjiang 蟻公
    Changting 蟻公
    Pingyu 蟻公
    Wuping 蟻公
    Liancheng 蟻公
    Ninghua 蟻公
    Yudu 螞蟻
    Ruijin 蟻公子螞蟻
    Shicheng 蟻公
    Shangyou 螞蟻
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟻公
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟻公
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟻公
    Dongshi (Dabu) 蟻公
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 蟻公
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟻子
    Jin Taiyuan 螞蚍蜉螞蚍蜉兒螞蟻
    Min Bei Jian'ou 蟻稚仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 紅蟻黃蟻
    Min Nan Xiamen 狗蟻
    Quanzhou 狗蟻
    Zhangzhou 狗蟻
    Taipei 狗蟻
    Kaohsiung 狗蟻
    Tainan 狗蟻
    Taichung 狗蟻
    Hsinchu 狗蟻
    Lukang 狗蟻
    Sanxia 狗蟻
    Yilan 狗蟻
    Kinmen 狗蟻
    Magong 狗蟻
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila) 狗蟻
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 螞蟻
    Suzhou 螞蟻
    Wenzhou 火蟻
    Xiang Changsha 螞蟻子
    Shuangfeng 螞蟻子

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. ant
    Readings[edit]
    • Go-on: (gi)
    • Kan-on: (gi)
    • Kun: あり (ari, ); ありのこ (arinoko, )

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese reading ngai5.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji gi)

    1. ant
    Usage notes[edit]

    This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, leg) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あり, rōmaji ari)

    1. ant
    Idioms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ありのこ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (ari, ant) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ありのこ, rōmaji arinoko)

    1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
    2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
    Usage notes[edit]

    The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

    1. ant

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune–Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    1. ant

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あい, romaji ai)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あい, romaji ai)

    1. ant

    Compounds[edit]


    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nghĩ, nghị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    1. ant