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See also:
U+87FB, 蟻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87FB

[U+87FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋralʔ): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *ŋrals).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/p/s-rwak.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiā/hiǎ - vernacular;
  • gí - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠiᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚiɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋjiə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋjeX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/
    English ant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13049
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋralʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. ant
    2. foam or sediment in wine
    3. humble, inconsiderable
    4. black
    5. in an assembled manner
    6. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 螞蟻 (“ant”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , 螞蟻
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 螞蟻
    Mandarin Beijing 螞蟻
    Taiwan 螞蟻
    Tianjin 螞蟻
    Harbin 螞蟻
    Shenyang 螞蟻
    Hailar 螞蟻
    Ulan Hot 螞蟻
    Tongliao 螞蟻
    Chifeng 螞蟻
    Bayanhot 螞蟻
    Jinan 螞蟻, 米蛘
    Muping 蟣螞蛘子, 螞蟣蛘子
    Luoyang 螞蟻
    Wanrong 螞螞蚍蜉
    Xi'an 螞蟻
    Zhengzhou 螞蟻
    Xining 螞蟻蟲兒
    Xuzhou 螞蟻
    Yinchuan 螞蟻
    Lanzhou 螞蟻蟲兒
    Ürümqi 螞蟻
    Wuhan 螞蟻, 螞印子, 螞燕子
    Chengdu 螞蟻兒, 螞蟻子
    Guiyang 螞蟻
    Liuzhou 螞蟻
    Kunming 螞蟻
    Yangzhou 螞蟻
    Nanjing 螞蟻
    Hefei 螞蟻
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 螞蟻
    Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 螞蟻蟲子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Taishan
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Danzhou 蟻仔
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang 螞蟻, 螞印子
    Lichuan 螞蟻
    Pingxiang 螞蟻子
    Hakka Meixian 蟻公, 蟻仔
    Xingning 咪公
    Huidong
    Qujiang 蟻公
    Xiaosanjiang 蟻公
    Changting 蟻公
    Pingyu 蟻公
    Wuping 蟻公
    Liancheng 蟻公
    Ninghua 蟻公
    Yudu 螞蟻
    Ruijin 蟻公子, 螞蟻
    Shicheng 蟻公
    Shangyou 螞蟻
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟻公
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟻公
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟻公
    Dongshi (Dabu) 蟻公
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 蟻仔, 蟻公
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟻子
    Hong Kong 蟻公, 蟻子
    Senai
    Sabah (Longchuan) 螞蟻, 蟻公
    Singkawang , 蟻公
    Huizhou Jixi 螞蟻
    Shexian 螞蟻
    Tunxi 螞蟻
    Xiuning 螞蟻
    Qimen 螞蟻
    Wuyuan 螞蟻
    Fuliang 螞蟻
    Dexing 螞蟻
    Jingde 王眼的
    Jin Taiyuan 螞蚍蜉, 螞蚍蜉兒, 螞蟻
    Pingyao 螞蚍蜉
    Xinzhou 螞蚍蜉
    Baochang 螞蟻
    Jining 螞蟻
    Hohhot 螞蟻官兒
    Baotou 螞蟻
    Dongsheng 螞蟻
    Linhe 螞蟻
    Haibowan 螞蟻
    Min Bei Jian'ou 蟻稚仔
    Songxi 蟻蠍嫲
    Zhenghe 真蟻仔
    Zhenqian 宗蟻仔
    Jianyang 蟻仔
    Wuyishan 蟻仔
    Shibei 蟻仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 紅蟻
    Changle 黃蟻
    Fuqing 黃蟻, 紅蟻
    Yongtai 黃蟻
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde 黃蟻
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu 黃蟻
    Min Nan Xiamen 狗蟻
    Tong'an 狗蟻
    Quanzhou 狗蟻
    Yongchun
    Dehua 草蟻
    Zhangzhou 狗蟻
    Longhai 狗蟻
    Changtai 狗蟻仔
    Hua'an 狗蟻
    Nanjing 狗蟻
    Pinghe 狗蟻
    Zhangpu 狗蟻
    Dongshan 狗蟻
    Taipei 狗蟻
    Kaohsiung 狗蟻
    Tainan 狗蟻
    Taichung 狗蟻
    Wuqi 狗蟻
    Hsinchu 狗蟻
    Taitung 狗蟻
    Lukang 狗蟻
    Sanxia 狗蟻
    Yilan 狗蟻
    Kinmen 狗蟻
    Magong 狗蟻
    Penang
    Singapore 狗蟻
    Philippines (Manila) 狗蟻,
    Longyan 蟻翁
    Zhangping
    Zhangping (Yongfu)
    Datian
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 蟻婆
    Xianyou 蟻蟻公, 蟻婆
    Pinghua Nanning 螞蟻
    Shehua Fu'an 黃蟻
    Fuding 黃蟻
    Luoyuan 黃蟻
    Sanming
    Shunchang
    Hua'an
    Guixi
    Cangnan 黃蟻
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou
    Fengshun 蟻仔
    Wu Shanghai 螞蟻
    Suzhou 螞米, 螞蟻
    Wuxi 螞米
    Hangzhou 螞蟻, 螞米
    Wenzhou 火蟻
    Chongming 螞蟻
    Danyang 螞米
    Jinhua 戽我, 螞蟻
    Ningbo 螞蟻, 螞粉, 螞轟
    Xiang Changsha 螞蟻子, 螞蟻
    Shuangfeng 螞蟻子
    Loudi 螞蟻子, 螞蟻

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. ant
    Readings[edit]
    • Go-on: (gi)
    • Kan-on: (gi)
    • Kun: あり (ari, ); ありのこ (arinoko, )

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese reading ngai5.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji gi)

    1. ant
    Usage notes[edit]

    This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, leg) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あり, rōmaji ari)

    1. ant
    Idioms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ありのこ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (ari, ant) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ありのこ, rōmaji arinoko)

    1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
    2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
    Usage notes[edit]

    The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

    1. ant

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune–Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あに, romaji ani)

    1. ant

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あい, romaji ai)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あい, romaji ai)

    1. ant

    Compounds[edit]


    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. ant

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nghĩ, nghị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あや, romaji aya)

    1. ant