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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蟻), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 魚倚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇX/ /ŋie̯X/ /ŋieX/ /ŋiɛX/ /ŋiə̆X/ /ŋǐeX/ /ŋjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjeX › /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/ ant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13049 1 /*ŋralʔ/ 同螘本作蛾此見孫子

Noun[edit]

  1. ant
  2. foam or sediment in wine

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. humble, inconsiderable
  2. black

Adverb[edit]

  1. in an assembled manner

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional and simplified ‎(ngai5).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ありのこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ari, ant) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ ‎(ko, child; small thing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

  1. ant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

Compounds[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghĩ, nghị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant