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See also:
U+7D30, 細
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D30

[U+7D2F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D31]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火田 (VFW), four-corner 26900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 919, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1351, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3380, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D30

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
細-seal.svg 細-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslɯːʔ, *srɯː, *srɯː
*sn̥ʰɯː, *snɯ
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*srɯː, *snɯʔ
*snɯːls
*snɯ, *snɯs
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯʔ
*snɯ
*sʰrɯ
*snɯns
*sniŋs
*snɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *snɯns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • sòe - vernacular;
    • sè - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /seiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /seiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /seiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁe(k)-s/
    English small, minute

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13834
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*snɯːls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) small; tiny; little
      點解 [Cantonese, trad.]
      点解 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Dim2 gaai2 wui5 gam3 sai3 ge2? [Jyutping]
      Why is it so small?
    2. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) young; little
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 zung6 sai3 me1! [Jyutping]  ―  [Do you think that] you're still a child?
    3. fine; delicate
      /   ―  shā  ―  fine sand
    4. thin; slender
      / 线  ―  xiàn  ―  thin string
    5. (of one's voice) soft
    6. frugal; sparing
    7. slowly; carefully; thoroughly; detailedly
      /   ―  kàn  ―  to carefully examine
    8. (Hokkien) concubine

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“small”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (small): (, “large”)
    • (young): (, “grown up”)
    • (fine): (, “coarse”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. thin, fine
    2. slender

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune–Reischauer se, Yale sye)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tế, tới, , , tỉ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.