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U+7D30, 細
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D30

[U+7D2F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D31]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火田 (VFW), four-corner 26900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 919, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1351, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3380, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D30

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
細-bigseal.svg 細-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslɯːʔ, *srɯː, *srɯː
*sn̥ʰɯː, *snɯ
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*srɯː, *snɯʔ
*snɯːls
*snɯ, *snɯs
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯʔ
*snɯ
*sʰrɯ
*snɯns
*sniŋs
*snɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯːls): semantic  + phonetic (OC *snɯns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen and Quanzhou:
    • sòe - vernacular;
    • sè - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/seiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjH/
Li
Rong
/seiH/
Wang
Li
/sieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤe(k)-s/
English small, minute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13834
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*snɯːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) small; tiny; little
    點解 [Cantonese, trad.]
    点解 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dim2 gaai2 wui5 gam3 sai3 ge2? [Jyutping]
    Why is it so small?
  2. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) young; little
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 zung6 sai3 me1! [Jyutping]  ―  [Do you think that] you're still a child?
  3. fine; delicate
    /   ―  shā  ―  fine sand
  4. thin; slender
    / 线  ―  xiàn  ―  thin string
  5. (of one's voice) soft
  6. frugal; sparing
  7. slowly; carefully; thoroughly; detailedly
    /   ―  kàn  ―  to carefully examine

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“small”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Huizhou)
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Antonyms[edit]

  • (small): (, “large”)
  • (young): (, “grown up”)
  • (fine): (, “coarse”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. thin, fine
  2. slender

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune-Reischauer se, Yale sye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tế, tới, , , tỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.