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See also:
U+7D30, 細
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D30

[U+7D2F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D31]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火田 (VFW), four-corner 26900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 919, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1351, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3380, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D30

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
細-seal.svg 細-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *snɯns).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *z(j)əj (little; small; tiny) (STEDT); cognate with Jingpho zi (small), Tibetan ཟི (zi, small), Burmese သေး (se:, small).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • sòe - vernacular;
    • sè - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /seiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /seiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /seiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁe(k)-s/
    English small, minute

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13834
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*snɯːls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) small; tiny; little
      Antonym: ()
      點解 [Cantonese, trad.]
      点解 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Dim2 gaai2 wui5 gam3 sai3 ge2? [Jyutping]
      Why is it so small?
    2. (literary, Cantonese, Hakka, Min) young; little
      Antonym: ()
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 zung6 sai3 me1! [Jyutping]  ―  [Do you think that] you're still a child?
    3. (Cantonese) to be younger than
      Antonym: ()
      / [Cantonese]  ―  sai3 keoi5 gei2 sap6 nin4 [Jyutping]  ―  younger than them by a couple decades
    4. fine; delicate
      Antonym: ()
      /   ―  shā  ―  fine sand
    5. thin; slender
      Antonym: ()
      / 线  ―  xiàn  ―  thin string
    6. (of one's voice) soft
    7. frugal; sparing
    8. slowly; carefully; thoroughly; detailedly
      /   ―  kàn  ―  to carefully examine
    9. (Hokkien) concubine

    Synonyms[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (small): (, “large”)
    • (young): (, “grown up”)
    • (fine): (, “coarse”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. thin, fine
    2. slender

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune–Reischauer se, Yale sye)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tế)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.