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U+7C97, 粗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C97

[U+7C96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C98]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火木月一 (FDBM), four-corner 97910, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 907, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1333, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3144, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7C97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
粗-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zaːl, *zaː
*zlaːl, *sʰaːʔ
*rnaː, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaː, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː, *ʔsas, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː
*ʔslja, *ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsjaːʔ
*ʔsljaːʔ, *ljaːʔ, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaːʔ
*sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa
*sʰjaːs, *sʰa
*sʰjaːs
*ʔsraː, *zraː, *zraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*zraː
*zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa
*ʔslaːŋʔ, *zaːʔ
*ʔsaː
*ʔsaː, *ʔsaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*sʰaː, *zaːʔ
*zaː
*zaː
*zaːʔ, *zras
*zaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *ʔsas, *sʰa, *zaʔ, *ʔsra
*ʔsaʔ, *zaʔ
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*zaʔ
*das
*ʔsra
*ʔsra
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*ʔsraʔ
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*zra, *zraʔ
*zra
*zra
*zra, *zras
*zraʔ
*zras

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zoX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zɔX/
Li
Rong
/d͡zoX/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshu ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-s.r̥ˤa/
English coarse, thick (as hair)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10403 10408
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaː/ /*zaːʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. coarse, rough
  2. vulgar, rude, crude
  3. thick; heavy; bulky (especially of cylindrical objects)

References[edit]

  • “粗”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-12

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thô, sồ, to, xồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.