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See also:
U+4FCE, 俎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FCE

[U+4FCD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FCF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人人月一 (OOBM), four-corner 87810, composition)

  1. chopping board or chopping block
  2. painted

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 156, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4FCE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
俎-oracle.svg 俎-bronze.svg 俎-silk.svg 俎-bigseal.svg 俎-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zaːl, *zaː
*zlaːl, *sʰaːʔ
*rnaː, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaː, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː, *ʔsas, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː
*ʔslja, *ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsjaːʔ
*ʔsljaːʔ, *ljaːʔ, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaːʔ
*sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa
*sʰjaːs, *sʰa
*sʰjaːs
*ʔsraː, *zraː, *zraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*zraː
*zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa
*ʔslaːŋʔ, *zaːʔ
*ʔsaː
*ʔsaː, *ʔsaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*sʰaː, *zaːʔ
*zaː
*zaː
*zaːʔ, *zras
*zaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *ʔsas, *sʰa, *zaʔ, *ʔsra
*ʔsaʔ, *zaʔ
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*zaʔ
*das
*ʔsra
*ʔsra
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*ʔsraʔ
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*zra, *zraʔ
*zra
*zra
*zra, *zras
*zraʔ
*zras

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiɔX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10447
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese /t͡ʃɨʌX/ invalid IPA characters (X) (a wooden stand used in offering rites). Compare modern Cantonese reading zo2.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji so)

  1. a sacrificial altar
  2. a cutting board, a chopping board
Usage notes[edit]

This reading appears to be less common. For the cutting board sense in particular, the manaita reading below is more common.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(manaita): an amberjack on a cutting board.
Kanji in this term
まないた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of 真魚 (mana, edible fish) +‎ (ita, board).[2][3][4]

The kanji spelling comes from Chinese .

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まないた, rōmaji manaita)

  1. Alternative spelling of まな板 (chopping board, cutting board)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.