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U+6CAE, 沮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CAE

[U+6CAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CAF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水月一 (EBM), four-corner 37110, composition)

  1. stop, prevent
  2. defeated, dejected

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 613, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17238
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1006, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1584, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CAE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
沮-oracle.svg 沮-bronze.svg 沮-bigseal.svg 沮-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zaːl, *zaː
*zlaːl, *sʰaːʔ
*rnaː, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaː, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː, *ʔsas, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː
*ʔslja, *ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsjaːʔ
*ʔsljaːʔ, *ljaːʔ, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaːʔ
*sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa
*sʰjaːs, *sʰa
*sʰjaːs
*ʔsraː, *zraː, *zraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*zraː
*zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa
*ʔslaːŋʔ, *zaːʔ
*ʔsaː
*ʔsaː, *ʔsaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*sʰaː, *zaːʔ
*zaː
*zaː
*zaːʔ, *zras
*zaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *ʔsas, *sʰa, *zaʔ, *ʔsra
*ʔsaʔ, *zaʔ
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*zaʔ
*das
*ʔsra
*ʔsra
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*ʔsraʔ
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*zra, *zraʔ
*zra
*zra
*zra, *zras
*zraʔ
*zras

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/5 1/5
Initial () (15) (14)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨʌX/ /t͡sʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zɨə̆X/ /t͡sʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭoX/ /t͡sʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woX/ /t͡sʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]aʔ/
English stop, prevent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/5 3/5
No. 10438 10424
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zaʔ/ /*sʰa/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stop; to prevent
  2. to ruin; to corrupt
  3. gloomy; glum; disheartened
  4. to threaten; to intimidate

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/5 3/5 1/5
Initial () (13) (18) (14)
Final () (22) (22) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨʌ/ /t͡ʃɨʌ/ /t͡sʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɔ/ /ʈ͡ʂiɔ/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɔ/ /t͡ʃiɔ/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨə̆/ /ʈ͡ʂɨə̆/ /t͡sʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɔ/ /t͡ʃiɔ/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭo/ /t͡ʃĭo/ /t͡sʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯wo/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯wo/ /t͡sʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhū
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5 5/5 3/5
No. 10415 10444 10424
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsa/ /*ʔsra/ /*sʰa/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in names of bodies of water.
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 5/5
Initial () (13)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɔH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/5
No. 10419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. moist; damp

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 涓沮.

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 沮陽沮阳.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tử, tự)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.