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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  ‎(abuse) + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 田中卜口弓 (WLYRN), four-corner 60620, composition)

  1. penalty, fine
  2. punish, penalize

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 948, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28315
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1390, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2923, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7F70

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (罰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 月
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 房越切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bʉɐt̚/ /bʱi̯wɐt̚/ /biuɐt̚/ /bʷiɐt̚/ /buat̚/ /bĭwɐn/ /biuɐt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjot › /*[b][a]t/ punish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2865 3 /*bad/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. punishment
  2. punish

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Old character)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばち, romaji bachi)

  1. (divine) punishment; a curse

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばつ, romaji batsu)

  1. a punishment; a penalty

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beol) (hangeul , revised beol, McCune-Reischauer pŏl, Yale pel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạt, ảng, ang, ương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.