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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
罰-bronze.svg 罰-silk.svg 罰-bigseal.svg 罰-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  ‎(abuse) + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 田中卜口弓 (WLYRN), four-corner 60620, composition)

  1. penalty, fine
  2. punish, penalize

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 948, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28315
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1390, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2923, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7F70

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buat̚/
Li
Rong
/biuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b][a]t/
English punish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2865
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bad/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to punish, to fine, to sentence
  2. punishment

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. punishment
  2. punish

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Old character)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばち, romaji bachi)

  1. (divine) punishment; a curse

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばつ, romaji batsu)

  1. a punishment; a penalty

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beol) (hangeul , revised beol, McCune-Reischauer pŏl, Yale pel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạt, ảng, ang, ương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.