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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
刀-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a right Radical)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
刀-oracle.svg 刀-bronze.svg 刀-silk.svg 刀-bigseal.svg 刀-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形)

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹 (SH), four-corner 17220)

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 135, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 319, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5200

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tɑu²¹/
Jinan /tɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /tɔ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tau²⁴/
Xi'an /tau²¹/
Xining /tɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tɔ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɔ³¹/
Ürümqi /tɔ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tau⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tau⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tao⁵⁵/
Kunming /tɔ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tɔo³¹/
Hefei /tɔ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tau¹¹/
Pingyao /tɔ¹³/
Hohhot /tɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /tæ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tɔ³³/
Wenzhou /tɜ³³/
Hui Shexian /tɔ³¹/
Tunxi /tə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tau³³/
Xiangtan /taɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /tɑu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /to²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tou⁵³/
Nanning /tu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tou⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /to⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /to⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tau⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /to³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑu/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/ /taw/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dāo ‹ taw › /*C.tˤaw/ knife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2108 1 /*taːw/

Noun[edit]

(classifier ())

  1. knife, blade
  2. single-edged sword, cutlass
  3. (slang) dollar (loanword)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Classifier[edit]

  1. measure word for sets of one hundred sheets of paper

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かたな
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(kata, one side) +‎ ‎(na, edge).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かたな, romaji katana)

  1. (weaponry) a single-edged sword
  2. (weaponry) more specifically, a katana
  3. a small single-edged blade
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(taw). Compare modern Mandarin ‎(dāo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とう, romaji , historical hiragana たう)

  1. a sword, a katana
  2. a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
  3. a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(do)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: do, McCune-Reischauer: to)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đao, dao, đeo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]