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- 刂 (when used as a right radical component)
- KangXi: page 135, character 24
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
- Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 319, character 12
- Unihan data for U+5200
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 刀|
|Shang||Western Zhou||Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Bronze inscriptions||Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Chu Slip and silk script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
Unclear. Here are several proposals:
- Schuessler (2007) considers this to be an area word or a word widely borrowed from Chinese into other languages; compare Proto-Karen *ʔdɔ (“knife”), Jingpho [Term?] (n³¹-do³¹, “short knife”), Proto-Vietic *-taːw (“knife”), Bulo Stieng taaw;
- Stephen Baron posits Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ta-w, with a sparsely attested suffix *-w retained in Sinitic yet lost in Tibeto-Burman, yielding Proto-Tibeto-Burman *s-ta (“knife; axe; sword”); compare Tibetan སྟ་རེ (sta re, “axe; hatchet”), Burmese ဓား (dha:, “knife; sword”), Proto-Loloish *ta² (“knife”) (STEDT);
- Starostin derives it from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tā̆w ~ *dā̆w, comparing it to Tibetan [script needed] (sto, “carpenter's axe”) and Jingpho nhtu (“sword”).
- knife; blade (Classifier: 把 ; 張／张 )
- single-edged sword; cutlass
- Classifier for sets of one hundred sheets of paper.
- Classifier for incisions with a knife, blade, single-edged sword, etc.
- A surname.
Derived terms from 刀
|For pronunciation and definitions of 刀 – see 刁 (“tricky; etc.”).|
(This character, 刀, is a variant form of 刁.)
- Go-on: と (to); とう (tō, Jōyō)←たう (tau, historical)
- Kan-on: とう (tō, Jōyō)←たう (tau, historical)
- Kun: かたな (katana, 刀, Jōyō)
- Nanori: き (ki); ち (chi); わき (waki)
Compounds with irregular readings of 刀
|Kanji in this term|
- (weaponry) a single-edged sword, such as a katana
- 1999 September 23, “鎧武者ゾンビ [Armored Musha Zombie]”, in Vol.5, Konami:
- Onnen ni yori yomigaetta musha. Yamikumo ni furimawasu katana ni chūi.
- A musha reanimated by deep hatred. Watch out when he brandishes his katana.
- a small single-edged blade
- (small blade): 切れ物 (kiremono)
- 脇差 (wakizashi) traditional Japanese shortsword (30cm to 60cm)
- 短刀 (tantō) traditional Japanese knife or dagger (30cm and shorter)
- 大小 (daishō): “big and small”: the katana and wakizashi as a set
- (sword, two-edged): 剣 (tsurugi)
- 刀市 (katana ichi): a sword market
- 刀引 (katanabiki): giving a sword worn on one's hip to another as a gift at a banquet or other social gathering
- 刀折れ矢尽きる (katana ore ya tsukiru): “swords bent, out of arrows” → completely routed, a complete loss in battle
- 刀に懸けて (katana ni kakete): “[depending, swearing] on one's sword” → a metaphor for firm resolve to see something through
- 刀の錆び (katana no sabi): “sword rust” → a metaphor for killing someone or being killed, from the way that blood can cause the steel of a sword to rust; a derogatory term for someone who isn't even worth soiling a sword
|Kanji in this term|
- a sword, a katana
- a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
- a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
Terms beginning with 刀:
- 刀下 (tōka): the underside or back of a blade
- 刀架 (tōka): a sword stand
- 刀剣 (tōken): a sword in general, either single- or double-bladed
- 刀工 (tōkō): a swordsmith
- 刀貨 (tōsen): a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
Terms ending with 刀:
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text