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See also: and
U+5203, 刃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5203

[U+5202]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5204]
刃 U+2F81E, 刃
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F81E
凵
[U+2F81D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 㓟
[U+2F81F]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the compositional differences between traditional, simplified, and Japanese shinjitai in the placement of the additional stroke.

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

(radical 18, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈 (SHI), four-corner 17420, composition丿(G) or ⿹(HTKV) or ⿻(J))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 320, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5203

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
刃-oracle.svg 刃-silk.svg 刃-seal.svg 刃-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (knife) + .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵinH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rèn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jan6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nə[n]-s/
English edge of a blade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10831
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. blade; knife edge
  2. sword; knife
  3. to kill with a sword or knife

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (じん) (jin)
  • Korean: (, in)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

/pa//ɸa//ha/

From Old Japanese.

Cognate with (ha, tooth).[1][2] Possibly also related to (ha, leaf). Compare English blade.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ha

  1. any sharp and thin cutting implement: a blade, edge
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
やいば
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/jaki ɸa//jakiba//jaĩba//jaiba/

Shift from 焼き刃 (yakiba), a compound of 焼き (yaki, burned, fired) +‎ (ha, edge, blade, see above).[1][2] The ha changes to ba as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

First attested in the Taiheiki of the late 1300s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(やいば) (yaiba

  1. a forged blade, such as a sword
  2. the wavy pattern formed in the metal on the surface of a forged blade
  3. a sword or similar edged weapon
  4. something sharp like a sword
  5. someone or something powerful
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(じん) (jin

  1. a blade, edge
Idioms[edit]

Affix[edit]

(じん) (jin

  1. blade, edge
  2. bladed object (knife, sword, etc.)
  3. kill with a bladed object, put to the sword
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 칼날 인 [[]] (kallal in ))

  1. Hanja form? of 칼날 ([knife / sword / weapon).

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (pa, tooth).[1][2] Possibly also related to (pa, leaf). Compare English blade.

Noun[edit]

(pa) (kana )

  1. any sharp and thin cutting implement: a blade, edge

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (ha, yaiba)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: nhẫn, nhấn, nhận

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.