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See also:
U+97CC, 韌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97CC

[U+97CB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97CD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 178, +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木手尸竹戈 (DQSHI), four-corner 47547, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1393, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43109
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1908, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4503, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+97CC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
韌-silk.svg 韌-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯns): semantic + phonetic (OC *njɯns).

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngan6 - vernacular;
  • jan6 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • nông - vernacular;
    • êng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lūn/jūn/lǔn - vernacular;
    • līm/jīm, līn/jīn - literary.
    Note:
    • rung7 - vernacular;
    • rim2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3nyin - vernacular;
    • 3zen - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵinH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjenH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵinH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    rèn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jan6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10835
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯns/
    Notes
    Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Dungan”

    Definitions[edit]

    1. strong; tough; robust; sturdy
    2. (Cantonese) tough; hard to chew or cut
      覺得 [Cantonese, trad.]
      觉得 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 gok3 dak1 nei1 faai3 juk6 ngan6 zo2 di1. [Jyutping]
      I think this piece of meat is a bit too tough.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): じん (jin), にん (nin)
    • Kun: しなやか (shinayaka)