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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯn, *tjɯns): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn).

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手一一女 (QMMV), four-corner 51032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 431, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1879, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+632F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (43) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪn/ /t͡ɕiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕin/ /t͡ɕinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjen/ /t͡ɕjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cin/ /cinH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiĕn/ /t͡ɕiĕnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕn/ /t͡ɕĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ĕn/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēn zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyin › ‹ tsyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tər/ /*tər-s/
English numerous; majestic shake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1358 1366
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯn/ /*tjɯns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. raise, excite, arouse action

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chấn, trung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.