Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯn, *tjɯns): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn).

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手一一女 (QMMV), four-corner 51032, composition)

  1. raise, excite, arouse action

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 431, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1879, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+632F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhēn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiɪn/ /t͡ɕin/ /t͡ɕjen/ /cin/ /t͡ɕiĕn/ /t͡ɕĭĕn/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (43)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiɪnH/ /t͡ɕinH/ /t͡ɕjenH/ /cinH/ /t͡ɕiĕnH/ /t͡ɕĭĕnH/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsyin › /*tər/ numerous; majestic
zhèn ‹ tsyinH › /*tər-s/ shake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1358 1 /*tjɯn/
1366 1 /*tjɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chấn, trung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.