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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯn): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn).

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一女 (MBMMV), four-corner 10232, composition)

  1. shake, quake, tremor
  2. excite
  3. 4th of the 8 trigrams
  4. 51st hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1374, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42300
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1883, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4064, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9707

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cinH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiĕnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tər-s/
English clap of thunder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1367
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯn/

Verb[edit]

  1. to tremble; to shake; to vibrate; to jolt

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chấn, dấn)

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