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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯn): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn).

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一女 (MBMMV), four-corner 10232, composition)

  1. shake, quake, tremor
  2. excite
  3. 4th of the 8 trigrams
  4. 51st hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1374, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42300
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1883, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4064, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9707

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (43)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiɪnH/ /t͡ɕinH/ /t͡ɕjenH/ /cinH/ /t͡ɕiĕnH/ /t͡ɕĭĕnH/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhèn ‹ tsyinH › /*tər-s/ clap of thunder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1367 1 /*tjɯn/

Verb[edit]

  1. to tremble; to shake; to vibrate; to jolt

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chấn, dấn)

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