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See also:
U+9707, 震
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9707

[U+9706]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9708]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一女 (MBMMV), four-corner 10232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1374, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42300
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1883, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4064, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9707

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
*tɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *tjɯns
*tjɯn, *tjɯn
*tjɯn, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *ɦljun
*tjɯn
*tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
*tjɯnʔ
*tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn
*tjɯns, *hljɯn
*djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
*djɯn
*djɯn, *ɦljɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̊ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*djun
*ɦljun
*ɦljun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯn): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *djɯn).

Etymology[edit]

Related to (OC *tjɯns, “to shake”), probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dar ~ d(u/i)r (to tremble; to shiver) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • zen3 - literary;
  • ten3 - vernacular (“to shake”).
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • zing2 - literary;
    • dung3 - vernacular (“to shake”).
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • zhen4 - literary;
    • ten3 - vernacular (“to shake”).

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiɪnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕinH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjenH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cinH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiĕnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭĕnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhèn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhèn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyinH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tər-s/
    English clap of thunder

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1367
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thunder
    2. (of lightning) to strike
    3. to tremble; to shake; to jolt; to quake
    4. earthquake
    5. to be excited; to be aroused; to be shocked
    6. to stir; to invigorate
    7. power; prestige; dignity
    8. to fear; to tremble
    9. the east
    10. 4th of the 8 trigrams
    11. 51st hexagram of the I Ching
    12. () (historical) Jin; Zhen (original name of the Balhae state)
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (shēn, “to be pregnant”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chấn, dấn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.