地震

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Chinese[edit]

 
earth; ground; field
earth; ground; field; place; land; (subor. part. adverbial); ‑ly
shake; shock; sign in trigram
simp. and trad.
(地震)
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (7) (23)
Final () (15) (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/diɪH/ /t͡ɕiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/diH/ /t͡ɕinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/djɪH/ /t͡ɕjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/diH/ /cinH/
Li
Rong
/diH/ /t͡ɕiĕnH/
Wang
Li
/diH/ /t͡ɕĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱiH/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dei6 zan3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dijH › ‹ tsyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˁej-s/ /*tər-s/
English earth, ground clap of thunder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 14808 1367
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'els/ /*tjɯn/

Noun[edit]

地震

  1. earthquake (Classifier: ; )
    地震活動 / 地震活动  ―  dìzhèn huódòng  ―  seismic activity
    臺灣發生地震 / 台湾发生地震  ―  Táiwān fāshēng dìzhèn le.  ―  There was an earthquake in Taiwan.
    發生地震大陸藝人為了救災共襄盛舉舉辦演唱會 [MSC, trad.]
    发生地震大陆艺人为了救灾共襄盛举举办演唱会 [MSC, simp.]
    Fāshēng le dà dìzhèn, dàlù jí gǎng, ào, tái sān dì yìrén wèile jiùzāi gòngxiāngshèngjǔ, jǔbàn le duō chǎng yǎnchànghuì. [Pinyin]
    After the major earthquake, artists from the Mainland, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan all worked together to perform several concerts to collect funds for disaster relief.

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

地震

  1. (intransitive) to have an earthquake
    臺灣地震 / 台湾地震  ―  Táiwān dìzhèn le.  ―  There was an earthquake in Taiwan.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (地震):

Others:

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しん
Grade: S
goon

/di t͡ɕin//d͡ʑiɕiɴ/

From Middle Chinese compound 地震 (MC diɪH t͡ɕiɪnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(しん) (jishinぢしん (disin)?

  1. an earthquake
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

/nawi/ → */nawʲi//naji//nai/

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (na, combining apophonic form of ni, "earth, soil") + (wi, modern i), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 居る (iru, to be, of animate objects).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

地震(ない) (naiなゐ (nawi)?

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) an earthquake
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 94)
      於弥能姑能耶賦能之魔柯枳始陀騰余瀰(おみのこのやふのしばかきしたとよみ)那為(なゐ)我與釐拠魔耶黎夢之魔柯枳(がよりこばやれむしばかき) [Man'yōgana]
      (おみ)()八符(やふ)柴垣(しばかき)下動(したとよ)(なゐ)()()()れむ柴垣(しばかき) [Modern spelling]
      omi no ko no yafu no shibakaki shita-toyomi nai ga yorikoba yaremu shibakaki
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    • 1212, Hōjōki[3]
      また、(おな)じころかとよ、おびたゝしく(おほ)地震(なゐ)ふること(さぶら)き。[...] (おそ)れのなかに(おそ)るべかりけるは、(ただ)地震(なゐ)なりけりとこそ(おぼ)()しか。[...] よのつね、(おどろ)くほどの地震(なゐ)()(さん)(じふ)()ふらぬ()はなし。
      Mata, onaji koro ka to yo, obi-tatashiku ō-nai furu koto saburaki. ...osore no naka ni osoru-bekarikeru wa, tada nai narikeri to koso oboe-ji shi ka. ...yo no tsune, odoroku-hodo no nai, ni-san-jūdo furanu hi wa nashi.
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

/nawi/ → */nawʲi//naji//naje//nae/

Appears in the Nippo Jisho.

Shift from nai, historical nawi (see above).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

地震(なえ) (nae

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) an earthquake
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 455)[4]
      Naye. ナエ(地震) 地震.Nayega yuru. (地震が揺る) 地震がする.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Nishio, Minoro (1212) Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Hōjōki, Tsurezuregusa, Iwanami Shoten, published 1957, →ISBN
  4. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

地震 (jijin) (hangeul 지진)

  1. Hanja form? of 지진 (earthquake).

Related terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

地震

  1. Hán tự form of địa chấn (earthquake).