地震

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Chinese[edit]

 
earth; ground; field; place; land; (subor. part. adverbial); ‑ly
shake; shock; sign in trigram
simp. and trad.
(地震)
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地震

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

地震

  1. earthquake
    地震活動 / 地震活动  ―  dìzhèn huódòng  ―  seismic activity
    臺灣發生地震 / 台湾发生地震  ―  Táiwān fāshēng dìzhèn le.  ―  There was an earthquake in Taiwan.
    發生地震大陸藝人為了救災共襄盛舉舉辦演唱會 [MSC, trad.]
    发生地震大陆艺人为了救灾共襄盛举举办演唱会 [MSC, simp.]
    Fāshēng le dà dìzhèn, dàlù jí gǎng, ào, tái sān dì yìrén wèile jiùzāi gòngxiāngshèngjǔ, jǔbàn le duō chǎng yǎnchànghuì. [Pinyin]
    After the major earthquake, artists from the Mainland, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan all worked together to perform several concerts to collect funds for disaster relief.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi

/di t͡ɕin//d͡ʑiɕiɴ/

From Middle Chinese compound 地震 (MC diɪH t͡ɕiɪnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana じしん, rōmaji jishin, historical hiragana ぢしん)

  1. an earthquake
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

/nawi/ → */nawʲi//naji//nai/

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (na, combining apophonic form of ni, "earth, soil") + (wi, modern i), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 居る (iru, to be, of animate objects).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana ない, rōmaji nai, historical hiragana なゐ)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) an earthquake
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 94)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (おみ) () () ()柴垣 (しばかき)下動 (したとよ) (なゐ) () () ()れむ柴垣 (しばかき) [Modern spelling]
      omi no ko no yafu no shibakaki shita-toyomi nai ga yorikoba yaremu shibakaki
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    • 1212, Hōjōki[3]
      また、 (おな)じころかとよ、おびたゝしく (おほ) () ()ふること (さぶら)き。[...]  (おそ)れのなかに (おそ)るべかりけるは、 (ただ) () ()なりけりとこそ (おぼ) ()しか。[...] よのつね、 (おどろ)くほどの () () () (さん) (じふ) ()ふらぬ ()はなし。
      Mata, onaji koro ka to yo, obi-tatashiku ō-nai furu koto saburaki. ...osore no naka ni osoru-bekarikeru wa, tada nai narikeri to koso oboe-ji shi ka. ...yo no tsune, odoroku-hodo no nai, ni-san-jūdo furanu hi wa nashi.
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

/nawi/ → */nawʲi//naji//naje//nae/

Appears in the Nippo Jisho.

Shift from nai, historical nawi (see above).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana なえ, rōmaji nae)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) an earthquake
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 455)[4]
      Naye. ナエ(地震) 地震.Nayega yuru. (地震が揺る) 地震がする.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Nishio, Minoro (1212) Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Hōjōki, Tsurezuregusa, Iwanami Shoten, published 1957, →ISBN
  4. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

地震 (jijin) (hangeul 지진)

  1. Hanja form? of 지진 (earthquake).

Related terms[edit]