(measure word); platform; stage; terrace; stand; support; desk; station; broadcasting station
Officially, no later than 1684 with the creation of Taiwan Prefecture (臺灣府). A phonetic transliteration of an ethnonym of a tribe in the southwest part of the island in the area of Anping, Tainan, recorded in Dutch records as "Tayowan" (and other variants), and in Chinese characters as "臺窩灣／台窝湾" (and variants 大員／大员, 大圓／大圆, 臺員／台员, 臺圓／台圆). A Dutch missionary referred to this group as Taiouwang no later than 1636.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): toi4 waan1
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): Thòi-vàn / Thòi-vân
- Min Dong (BUC): Dài-uăng
- Min Nan
- Wu (WT Romanisation): de ue (T3)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- Although use of this form is encouraged by the ROC Ministry of Education, the alternate form 台灣 is now more commonly used.
- ^ Shih Hsiu-chuan (14 December 2010), “Premier respects ‘choice’ on spelling”, in Taipei Times, retrieved 8 January 2015
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臺灣 (Đài Loan)