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U+7A0B, 程
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A0B

[U+7A0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A0C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
程-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木口竹土 (HDRHG) or 竹木口一土 (HDRMG), four-corner 26914, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 854, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25081
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1278, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2607, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7A0B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rleːŋ
*rleːŋs
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ, *rleŋ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*rleŋ, *l'eŋs
*rleŋ
*rleŋ
*rleŋ
*rleŋʔ, *l̥ʰeːŋʔ
*leŋʔ
*leŋʔ
*l̥ʰeːŋ, *ɦleːŋ
*l̥ʰeːŋ
*l̥ʰeːŋʔ, *njɯm
*l̥ʰiːɡ
*l̥ʰiːɡ, *l'iːɡ
*l'iːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rleŋ): semantic (grain) + phonetic (OC *rleŋ, *l'eŋs) – measurements.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tiàng - vernacular;
  • tìng - literary.
Note:
  • thiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • thêng/têng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȡiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjeng › ‹ drjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*(C.)lreŋ/ /*l<r>eŋ/
English Chéng (a surname) rule, norm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1435
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rleŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. weights and measures; measurements of all kinds
  2. rules; regulations
  3. model; law; standard
  4. limit; limitation; quota; norm
  5. period of time; time
  6. schedule; agenda; order
  7. stage of a journey
  8. journey; trip; distance travelled
  9. procedure; process; course
  10. to measure; to weigh; to judge
  11. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. extent
  2. degree
  3. law
  4. formula
  5. distance
  6. limits
  7. amount

Readings[edit]

Particle[edit]

‎(hiragana ほど, romaji hodo)

  1. "as much as"; upper limit

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trình)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.