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U+7A0B, 程
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A0B

[U+7A0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A0C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木口竹土 (HDRHG) or 竹木口一土 (HDRMG), four-corner 26914, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 854, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25081
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1278, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2607, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7A0B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rleːŋ
*rleːŋs
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ, *rleŋ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*l̥ʰeŋʔ
*rleŋ, *l'eŋs
*rleŋ
*rleŋ
*rleŋ
*rleŋʔ, *l̥ʰeːŋʔ
*leŋʔ
*leŋʔ
*l̥ʰeːŋ, *ɦleːŋ
*l̥ʰeːŋ
*l̥ʰeːŋʔ, *njɯm
*l̥ʰiːɡ
*l̥ʰiːɡ, *l'iːɡ
*l'iːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rleŋ): semantic  (grain) + phonetic  (OC *rleŋ, *l'eŋs) – measurements.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tiàng - vernacular;
  • tìng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thiâⁿ - vernacular;
    • thêng/têng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡiɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chéng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chéng chéng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjeng › ‹ drjeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(C.)lreŋ/ /*l<r>eŋ/
    English Chéng (a surname) rule, norm

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1435
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rleŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. weights and measures; measurements of all kinds
    2. rules; regulations
    3. model; law; standard
    4. limit; limitation; quota; norm
    5. period of time; time
    6. schedule; agenda; order
    7. stage of a journey
    8. journey; trip; distance travelled
    9. procedure; process; course
    10. to measure; to weigh; to judge
    11. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. extent
    2. degree
    3. law
    4. formula
    5. distance
    6. limits
    7. amount

    Readings[edit]

    Particle[edit]

    (hiragana ほど, rōmaji hodo)

    1. "as much as"; upper limit

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trình)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.