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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : Possibly a load on a carrying pole.

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹土 (HG), four-corner 20104, composition丿)

  1. the ninth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5639
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 417, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+58EC

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壬), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如林切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪm/ /ȵʑi̯əm/ /ȵiəm/ /ȵim/ /ȵim/ /ȵʑĭĕm/ /ȵʑjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyim › /*nəm {*n[ə]m}/ 9th heavenly stem
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1446 0 /*l̥ʰeːŋʔ/ 下爲土
10809 1 /*njɯm/ 甲文作工,象機縷,爲紝初文,坙(經)字從之

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(im) (hangeul , revised im, McCune-Reischauer im)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhâm, nhăm, nhám, nhằm, râm, nhẹm)

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