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See also: and 𡈼
U+58EC, 壬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EC

[U+58EB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58ED]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹土 (HG), four-corner 20104, composition丿(GJKV) or ⿱(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 243, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5639
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 417, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+58EC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
壬-oracle.svg 壬-bronze.svg 壬-silk.svg 壬-seal.svg 壬-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯm, *njɯm, *njɯms
*nɯm, *njɯm, *njɯms
*nɯmʔ
*nɯms
*njɯm, *njɯms
*l̥ʰeːŋʔ, *njɯm
*njɯm, *njɯmʔ
*njɯm, *njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*njɯms
*njɯms

Pictogram (象形): Possibly a carrying pole, a meaning that was later transferred to (rèn).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʐən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ²³/
/zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋim¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm²¹/
Nanning /jɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zim³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zim³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵim/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəm/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyim ›
Old
Chinese
/*n[ə]m/
English 9th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10809
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯm/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. the ninth of the ten heavenly stems
  2. A surname​.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
じん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From Middle Chinese (nyim)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana じん, rōmaji Jin)

  1. the ninth of the ten Heavenly Stems

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みずのえ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

(Mizu, Water, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (e, elder brother)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana みずのえ, rōmaji Mizunoe, historical hiragana みづのえ)

  1. the ninth of the ten Heavenly Stems

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(im) (hangeul , revised im, McCune-Reischauer im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhăm, nhám, nhằm, nhâm, râm, nhẹm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.