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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (shell, money) – a kind of payment. 任 has meaning of “duty, employment”, so connotations of “money paid for employment (hire)” or “money that one has a duty to pay (rent)”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人土月山金 (OGBUC), four-corner 22806, composition)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1207, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1671, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3639, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8CC3

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 乃禁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳiɪmH/ /ni̯əmH/ /niəmH/ /ɳimH/ /ɳimH/ /nĭĕmH/ /njemH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10807 1 /*nɯms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rent, hire
  2. hired person

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(im) (hangeul , revised im, McCune-Reischauer im, Yale im)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhẫm)

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