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U+834F, 荏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-834F

[U+834E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8350]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 140, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿人竹土 (TOHG), four-corner 44214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1031, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1490, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3206, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+834F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
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Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯmʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *njɯm, *njɯms).

Etymology[edit]

“a kind of big bean”
Cognate with Burmese ညံ (nyam, the legume Sesbania cannabina) (Schuessler, 2007).
“soft; weak”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *njam (soft). Cognate with Burmese ညံ့ (nyam., soft), Mizo nêm (soft). Outside Sino-Tibetan, compare Thai นุ่ม (nûm, soft).
Possibly related to (OC *njɯmʔ, “cooked”), (OC *njɯmʔ, “cooked; delicious”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵimX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rěn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jam5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n[ə]mʔ/ (< *num?)
English a kind of big beans

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10814
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. perilla (Perilla frutescens)
  2. a kind of big bean; big
  3. soft; weak; yielding
  4. (Singapore Hokkien) weak; feeble; frail

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: にん (nin)
  • Kan-on: じん (jin)
  • Kun: (e)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(im) (hangeul , revised im, McCune–Reischauer im, Yale im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: nhẫm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.