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U+4FB5, 侵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FB5

[U+4FB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FB6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人尸一水 (OSME), four-corner 27247, composition𠬶)

  1. invade, encroach upon, raid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 103, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 166, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+4FB5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
侵-oracle.svg 侵-bronze.svg 侵-bigseal.svg 侵-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsem, *sʰem, *sʰimʔ
*sem, *ʔsim, *sʰim
*ʔsim, *ʔsims
*ʔsim, *zim
*ʔsim, *sʰimʔ, *sʰrim
*ʔsimʔ, *ʔsims
*ʔsims, *sʰim
*sʰim
*sʰim, *sʰrim
*sʰimʔ
*sʰimʔ
*srim

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiñ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sim²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sim²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰim/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰim/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiəm/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ][i]m/
English invade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰim/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to invade, encroach
  2. to violate, raid
  3. to trespass

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xâm, xăm, xơm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]