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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
帚-oracle.svg 帚-bronze.svg 帚-bigseal.svg 帚-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a broom with bristles on top and tied handle on the bottom.

In modern form, top now resembles ‎(hand), ‎(brush), , and overall graphically decomposes roughly as  +  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 50 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一月中月 (SMBLB), four-corner 17227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 330, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8854
  • Dae Jaweon: page 635, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 735, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5E1A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨuX/ /t͡ɕi̯ə̯uX/ /t͡ɕiuX/ /t͡ɕiuX/ /cuwX/ /t͡ɕĭəuX/ /t͡ɕiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǒu ‹ tsyuwX › /*[t.p]əʔ/ broom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17551 1 /*pjuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. broom, broomstick

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. broom

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほうき
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Alteration of hahaki.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほうき, romaji hōki, historical hiragana はうき)

  1. broom
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ははき
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ha̠ha̠ki]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ははき, romaji hahaki)

  1. broom
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ほーち, romaji hōchi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hōki).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほーち, romaji hōchi)

  1. broom

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chổi, trửu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.