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U+5DFE, 巾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DFE

[U+5DFD]
CJK Unified Ideographs 巿
[U+5DFF]
U+2F31, ⼱
KANGXI RADICAL TURBAN

[U+2F30]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F32]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
巾-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 50, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中月 (LB), four-corner 40227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 327, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8771
  • Dae Jaweon: page 632, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 727, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5DFE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
巾-oracle.svg 巾-bronze.svg 巾-seal.svg 巾-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – hanging piece of cloth.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • geng1 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chenghai;
  • gêng1 - Jieyang;
  • ging1 - Chenghaia.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/ 紅領~
    /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/ 毛~
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kin²³/
    /fɛ³⁵/ 訓帕

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /kjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jīn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gan1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krən/
    English kerchief

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6550
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. a square item of cloth; towel; kerchief
    2. (historical) piece of clothing worn on the head in China

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. cloth
    2. turban
    3. (abbreviation of ): width

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiɪn). Recorded as Middle Korean (ken) (Yale: ken) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 수건 (sugeon geon))

    1. Hanja form? of (towel).
    2. Hanja form? of (piece of cloth; fabric).
    3. Hanja form? of (headscarf).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: cân, khăn, khân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.