巾着

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: S
ちゃく
Grade: 3
kan’on
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
巾着 (kinchaku): a few traditional Japanese drawstring bags for sale.

Etymology[edit]

Japanese coinage based on Middle Chinese-derived roots, as a compound of (kin, piece of cloth) +‎ (chaku, to wear, to put on one's person). First appears in texts from the late 1500s.[1]

The purse appears to have evolved from the earlier 火打ち袋 (hiuchi-bukuro, striking flint bag, bag for carrying a firestarter).[2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きん)(ちゃく) (kinchaku

  1. [from late 1500s] a traditional Japanese drawstring purse, hung from the (obi, sash or belt), used to contain small items such as a 火打ち (hiuchi, striking flint, firestarter, literally fire + striker), money, or medicine
  2. [from 1702] (derogatory) a lackey, a toady, someone who is always at another's side in a subservient role
  3. [from 1688] (historical, slang) during the Edo period, an unlicensed prostitute (possibly so called due to their lower earning capability than officially licensed prostitutes)
  4. [from 1801] Synonym of 遣り手婆 (yarite baba): a madam in a bordello (so called for her role in handling the business side of things)
  5. [from 1798] (slang) anything kept tightly closed; in particular, a woman's genitals
  6. [from 1675] (historical, slang) a customer (in the jargon of the puppet theater community)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: kinchaku

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 巾着”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  3. ^ 巾着”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainihan, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  4. ^ 巾着”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  5. 5.0 5.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. 6.0 6.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN