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See also: and こ゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KO.png
U+3053, こ
HIRAGANA LETTER KO

[U+3052]
Hiragana
[U+3054]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style. Variants include those derived by similar process from , , , , and .

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ko)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ko). Its equivalent in katakana is (ko). It is the tenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō o-dan, row ka, section o).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun]houses; apartments
[counter]house; apartment
[counter]household; family
2
3
3
4
5
[prefix]the deceased, late
[affix]old; past; former
5
[counter]item, article, thing
6
6
[affix]to breathe out; to exhale; to sigh
[affix]to shout; to yell
[affix]to call (someone); to address
S
S
S
[noun]an orphan
[noun]solitude
[adjectival noun]solitary
S
[noun]arc
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
J
J
J
[noun](rare) hakama: a type of traditional Japanese trousers
[noun](rare) momohiki: traditional Japanese closefitting workman's trousers
[noun](historical, military): prior to World War II, the general term for trousers in the Imperial Japanese Army
J
H
H
H
H
H
[noun]hu (ancient Chinese vessel shaped like a vase, usually used to store alcohol)
H
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading こ.

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【子】
[noun]a child
[noun](figuratively) a girl, especially a dear or desired one (compare use of English baby, babe)
[noun]a smaller or younger version of a bigger object
[prefix]an object which has a subservient or derivative role relative to another object
[suffix]suffix used in female given names, such as 智子 (​Tomoko), 英子 (​Eiko), 秀子 (​Hideko), 美奈子 (​Minako)
[suffix](rare) suffix used in male given names
[suffix]an object having a particular state or property (sometimes diminutive)
[suffix]roe (only when preceded by a fish name, or fish-related prefix)
[proper noun]a surname
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【小】
[prefix]less in size or quantity, small, little, short
[prefix]less in intensity, small, light, slight
[prefix]of secondary importance, secondary, sub-
[prefix]infant
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【粉】
[noun]powder
[noun]flour
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 6[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【籠】
[noun]a basket, especially one made of bamboo
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 7[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【木】
[noun]Combining form of (き, ki): tree; wood
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 8[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【濃】
[prefix]dark color
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 9[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at 海鼠.
こ【海鼠】
[noun](obsolete) a sea cucumber
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of 海鼠.)

Etymology 10[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【蚕】
[noun](obsolete) silkworm
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 11[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
こ【処】
[suffix](not productive) place
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 12[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(ko)

  1. : (derogatory) you
  2. : (humble) you