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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Composed of (radical animal) and , suggesting (solitary).

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹女人 (KHHVO), four-corner 42230, composition)

  1. species of fox

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 708, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1340, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+72D0

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (狐), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸吳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuo/ /ɣuo/ /ɣo/ /ɦuo/ /ɦɔ/ /ɣu/ /ɣo/

Noun[edit]

  1. fox

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
きつね
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Various theories. The most likely is based on the root form kitsu, which may have originally been onomatopoeic for the sound of a fox's cry.[1] The final ne syllable appeared for certain by the Heian period,[2] but the meaning of the ne portion remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きつね, katakana キツネ, romaji kitsune)

  1. (zoology) fox
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神也

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as キツネ.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1937: Daigenkai (in Japanese). Reissued in 1984. ISBN 4-572-00062-X
  2. ^ 1998: 『怪異・きつね百物語』 (Yōkai: Kitsune Hyaku Monogatari, “Phantoms: 100 Fox Tales”; in Japanese). Yoshihiko Sasama. ISBN 4-639-01544-5
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini)

Etymology[edit]

/*kit͡sune//t͡ɕit͡sini//t͡ɕit͡ɕini/

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kitsune).

Appears in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ちつィに (chitsini)[1]. The phonemes /t͡si/ and /t͡ɕi/ converged in Okinawan during the 20th century.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini)

  1. fox

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. Entry visible on the left of the scan at http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/30

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.