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U+80E1, 胡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80E1

[U+80E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80E2]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
胡-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口月 (JRB), four-corner 47620, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 979, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1431, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2056, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80E1

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
胡-bigseal.svg 胡-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): phonetic (OC *kaːʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤa/
English foreigners in the north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4255
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wattle; dewlap (fleshy lobe hanging from the head or neck of animals)
    1. wattle-like object, such as pendent parts on implements
  2. how; why; what
  3. (historical) barbarian; a generic term for any non-Han peoples who lived to the north and west of China's borders
    1. (historical) countries and peoples in the Western Regions, including Persia, Daqin, and in Pre-Tang texts, India
    2. (by extension) introduced from the northern or western non-Han peoples or from abroad; non-Chinese; foreign; imported
    3. (music) Short for 胡琴 (húqín, “huqin; general term for two-stringed bowed instruments with origins in the western non-Han peoples”).
  4. (historical) () State of Hu in the Spring and Autumn Period in modern-day Anhui, conquered by the State of Chu in 496 BCE
  5. black; dark-skinned
  6. far; great; senior
  7. outrageously; recklessly; wildly; foolishly
  8. A surname​.
    /   ―  Jǐntāo  ―  Hu Jintao

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“alley”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ, , ha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.