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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口月 (JRB), four-corner 47620, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 979, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1431, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2056, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80E1

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (chili pepper):

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (胡), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸吳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuo/ /ɣuo/ /ɣo/ /ɦuo/ /ɦɔ/ /ɣu/ /ɣo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hu › /*[ɡ]ˤa/ foreigners in the north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4255 0 /*ɡaː/

Adverb[edit]

  1. (literary) foolishly; recklessly; wildly

Noun[edit]

  1. (literary) chili pepper
  2. (archaic) barbarian; a generic term for any peoples who lived outside of China's borders (particularly to the north and west)
  3. a Barbarian fiddle
      ―  èr  ―  erhu

Adjective[edit]

  1. (literary, Min Nan) foolish

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
    錦濤 / 锦涛  ―  Jǐntāo  ―  Hu Jintao

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("beard").
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ, , ha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.