Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , and
U+80E1, 胡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80E1

[U+80E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80E2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口月 (JRB), four-corner 47620, composition(GJKV) or ⿰(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 979, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1431, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2056, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80E1

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
胡-seal.svg 胡-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): phonetic  (OC *kaːʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
"dewlap"
A derivative is (“beard”) (Schuessler, 2007).
"steppe nomads"
Etymology unknown (Schuessler, 2007).
interrogative word ("what; why; how")
Cognate with (OC *ɡaːl, “what; where; why; how”), Tibetan ག་ན (ga na, where; how), Tibetan ག་རུ (ga ru, to where) (Schuessler, 2007). See () for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ô͘ - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • hô͘ - literary.
Note: ou5 - surname.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁa/
English foreigners in the north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4255
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wattle; dewlap (fleshy lobe hanging from the head or neck of animals)
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    Láng bá qí , zǎi zhì qí wěi. [Pinyin]
    The wolf springs forward on his dewlap, or trips back on his tail.
    1. wattle-like object, such as pendent parts on implements
  2. how; why; what
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    néng yǒu dìng? Níng bù wǒ gù. [Pinyin]
    How can he get his mind settled? Would he then not regard me?
    式微式微 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    式微式微 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    Shìwēi, shìwēi! bù guī? [Pinyin]
    Reduced! Reduced! Why not return?
    聖王 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    圣王 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Mozi, circa 4th century BCE
    Rán bù cháng kǎo zhī shèngwáng zhī shì? [Pinyin]
    Again, why not let us inquire into the deeds of the sage-kings?
  3. (historical) barbarian; a generic term for any non-Han peoples who lived to the north and west of China's borders
    1. (historical) countries and peoples in the Western Regions, including Persia, Daqin, and in Pre-Tang texts, India
    2. (by extension) introduced from the northern or western non-Han peoples or from abroad; non-Chinese; foreign; imported
    3. (music) Short for 胡琴 (húqín, “huqin; general term for two-stringed bowed instruments with origins in the western non-Han peoples”).
  4. (historical) () State of Hu in the Spring and Autumn Period in modern-day Anhui, conquered by the State of Chu in 496 BCE
  5. black; dark-skinned
  6. far; great; senior
  7. outrageously; recklessly; wildly; foolishly
  8. A surname​.
    /   ―  Jǐntāo  ―  Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 2002 to 2012

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard; moustache; whiskers”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“garlic”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 6[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“butterfly”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 7[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“paste; to apply a mixture; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune–Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ, , ha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.