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U+8F9C, 辜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F9C

[U+8F9B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F9D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 160, +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十口卜廿十 (JRYTJ), four-corner 40401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38636
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1730, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4036, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8F9C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
辜-bronze-warring.svg 辜-seal.svg 辜-bigseal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gu1 - literary;
  • gou1 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ko/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔ/
Li
Rong
/ko/
Wang
Li
/ku/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gu1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4213
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. crime; wrong; sin
  2. to let down
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ku)
  • Kan-on: (ko)
  • Kun: つみ (tsumi, )

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kuo).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 허물 (heomul go))

  1. Hanja form? of (crime; wrong; sin).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.