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U+67AF, 枯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67AF

[U+67AE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67B0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木十口 (DJR), four-corner 44960, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 517, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14579
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1178, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+67AF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
枯-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaː): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *kaːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gou1 - most senses;
  • kou1 - dialectal usage (e.g. 豆枯, 茶枯).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰo/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁa/
    English withered, dried up

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4238
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of plants, etc.) dry; withered
        ―  wěi  ―  wilted; withered
    2. (of wells, rivers, etc.) dried out
    3. (of muscle) withered; decayed
    4. boring; uninteresting; dry
        ―  zào  ―  dull; boring
    5. (dialectal) dregs
    6. (traditional Chinese medicine) partial paralysis
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune–Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khô, gỗ, khò)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.