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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水戈中一戈 (EILMI), four-corner 17136, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1078, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1547, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2836, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86A4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
蚤-silk.svg 蚤-bigseal.svg 蚤-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(insect) +  ‎(claw) – a scratching insect/pest.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sawX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˤuʔ/
English flea

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16552
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. flea

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 跳蚤 ("flea")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 虼子跳蚤
Taiwan 跳蚤
Jinan 虼蚤
Xi'an 虼蚤
Wuhan 虼蚤
Chengdu 虼蚤
Yangzhou 虼蚤
Hefei 虼蚤
Cantonese Guangzhou 狗蝨
Hong Kong 狗蝨
Taishan 狗蝨
Yangjiang 狗蝨
Gan Nanchang 虼蚤
Hakka Meixian 狗蝨
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 跳蚤
Liudui (S. Sixian) 跳蚤
Hsinchu (Hailu) 跳蚤
Dongshi (Dabu) 跳蚤
Taiwanese Raoping 跳蚤
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蝨嫲
Jin Taiyuan 圪蚤
Min Bei Jian'ou 狗蚤
Min Dong Fuzhou 虼蚤
Min Nan Quanzhou 虼蚤
Xiamen 虼蚤
Zhangzhou 虼蚤
Taipei 虼蚤
Kaohsiung 虼蚤
Chaozhou 虼蚤
Wu Suzhou 跳蝨
Wenzhou 跳蚤
Xiang Changsha 虼蚤狗蝨
Shuangfeng 狗子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
蚤 (nomi): an illustration of a flea.
Kanji in this term
のみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Possibly derived from 飲み ‎(nomi), the nominalized 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 飲む ‎(nomu, to drink), from the way that fleas drink the host's blood.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のみ, katakana ノミ, romaji nomi)

  1. flea

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ぬみ, romaji numi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(nomi).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぬみ, romaji numi)

  1. flea

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tao)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.