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U+53C9, 叉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C9

[U+53C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 水戈 (EI) or X水戈 (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
叉-bigseal.svg 叉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
sʰraːls
sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
hr'eːl
sʰreːl
sʰreːl
sʰreːls

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: erhua - noun.
Note:
  • chhe/chhee - vernacular;
  • chha - literary (used in Quanzhou for “cross”, not usually used elsewhere).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (19) (19)
Final () (31) (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠɛ/ /t͡ʃʰˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰæi/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chāi chā
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1175 1184
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰraːl/ /*sʰreːl/
Definitions[edit]

  1. fork (pronged tool, including the eating utensil)
  2. to use a fork; to pick up with a fork
  3. (Wu) to use chopsticks to eat
  4. to cross; to intersect
  5. cross
    答案 / 答案  ―  Cuò de dá'àn dǎ chā.  ―  Put a cross for the wrong answer.
  6. (Cantonese, euphemistic) A generic intensifier which can be substituted for any profane intensifier.
    [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 caa1 jung6 [Jyutping]  ―  bleeping useless
  7. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to pinch
  8. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to speak rudely
  9. (Wu) to play (mahjong)
  10. (Xiang, of ducks) to eat
  11. (Cantonese, from English charge) to charge; to recharge

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
Definitions[edit]

  1. (Northeastern Mandarin) to block up; to jam

Pronunciation 3[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to spread; to open; to fork; to separate
  2. (Wu) to push something away; to move something away

Pronunciation 4[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (chā, “fork of a branch”).
  2. Alternative form of (chà, “diverge, branch off; fork in the road”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. fork

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.