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U+53C9, 叉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C9

[U+53C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 水戈 (EI) or X水戈 (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
叉-seal.svg 叉-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːls
*sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*hr'eːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːls

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: erhua - noun.
Note:
  • chhe/chhee - vernacular;
  • chha - literary (used in Quanzhou for “cross”, not usually used elsewhere).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
    /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
    /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (19) (19)
    Final () (31) (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠɛ/ /t͡ʃʰˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰæi/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chāi chā
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1175 1184
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰraːl/ /*sʰreːl/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. fork (pronged tool, including the eating utensil)
    2. to use a fork; to pick up with a fork
    3. (Wu) to use chopsticks to eat
    4. to cross; to intersect
    5. cross
      答案 / 答案  ―  Cuò de dá'àn dǎ chā.  ―  Put a cross for the wrong answer.
    6. (Cantonese, euphemistic) A generic intensifier which can be substituted for any profane intensifier.
      [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 caa1 jung6 [Jyutping]  ―  bleeping useless
    7. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to pinch
    8. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to speak rudely
    9. (Wu) to play (mahjong)
    10. (Xiang, of ducks) to eat
    11. (Cantonese, from English charge) to charge; to recharge

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
    /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
    /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Northeastern Mandarin) to block up; to jam

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
    /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
    /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to spread; to open; to fork; to separate
    2. (Wu) to push something away; to move something away

    Pronunciation 4[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
    /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
    /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (chā, “fork of a branch”).
    2. Alternative form of (chà, “diverge, branch off; fork in the road”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“the open seam of a garment which allows freedom of movement”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pick up with fork or pincers”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“fork of a tree; pitchfork; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 5[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“a branching stream”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. fork

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: しゃ (sha)
    • Kan-on: (sa)
    • Kun: また (mata, )

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (cha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: xoa

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.