fork

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See also: förk.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Pronged eating utensil — a fork (sense 4)
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The knight forks the black king and rook. The pawn forks the white rooks. (sense 11)
A small garden fork (sense 2)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɔːɹk/
  • (file)
  • (file)
    "a fork"
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(r)k

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English forke (digging fork), from Old English force, forca (forked instrument used to torture), from Proto-Germanic *furkǭ, *furkô (fork), from Latin furca (pitchfork, forked stake”, also “gallows, beam, stake, support post, yoke), of uncertain origin. The Middle English word was later reinforced by Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French forque (= Old French forche whence French fourche), also from the Latin. Cognate also with North Frisian forck (fork), Dutch vork (fork), Danish fork (fork), German Forke (pitchfork). Displaced native gafol, ġeafel, ġeafle (fork), from Old English.

In its primary sense of “fork”, Latin furca appears to be derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰerk(ʷ)-, *ǵʰerg(ʷ)- (fork), although the development of the -c- is difficult to explain. In other senses this derivation is unlikely. For these, perhaps it is connected to Proto-Germanic *furkaz, *firkalaz (stake, stick, pole, post), from Proto-Indo-European *perg- (pole, post). If so, this would relate the word to Old English forclas pl (bolt), Old Saxon ferkal (lock, bolt, bar), Old Norse forkr (pole, staff, stick), Norwegian fork (stick, bat), Swedish fork (pole).

Noun[edit]

fork (plural forks)

  1. A pronged tool having a long straight handle, used for digging, lifting, throwing etc.
    Synonym: pitchfork
  2. A pronged tool for use in the garden; a smaller hand fork for weeding etc., or larger for turning over the soil.
  3. (obsolete) A gallows.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Joseph Butler to this entry?)
  4. A utensil with spikes used to put solid food into the mouth, or to hold food down while cutting.
  5. A tuning fork.
  6. An intersection in a road or path where one road is split into two.
    • When you come to a fork in the road, take it - Yogi Berra
  7. One of the parts into which anything is furcated or divided; a prong; a branch of a stream, a road, etc.; a barbed point, as of an arrow.
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      a thunderbolt with three forks.
  8. A point where a waterway, such as a river, splits and goes two (or more) different directions.
  9. (Should we delete(+) this sense?) (geography) Used in the names of some river tributaries.
    West Fork White River and East Fork White River join together to form the White River of Indiana.
    Synonym: branch
  10. (figuratively) A point in time where one has to make a decision between two life paths.
  11. (chess) The simultaneous attack of two adversary pieces with one single attacking piece (especially a knight).
  12. (computer science) A splitting-up of an existing process into itself and a child process executing parts of the same program.
  13. (software) The splitting of a software development effort into two or more separate projects, especially in free and open-source software.
  14. (software) Any of the software projects resulting from such a split.
    LibreOffice is a fork of OpenOffice.
  15. (cryptocurrency, by extension) A split in a blockchain resulting from protocol disagreements, or a branch of the blockchain resulting from such a split.
  16. (Britain) The crotch. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  17. (colloquial) A forklift.
    Are you qualified to drive a fork?
  18. The set of blades of a forklift, on which the goods to be raised are loaded.
  19. (cycling) In a bicycle, the portion of the frameset holding the front wheel, allowing the rider to steer and balance.
    The fork can be equipped with a suspension on mountain bikes.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

fork (third-person singular simple present forks, present participle forking, simple past and past participle forked)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To divide into two or more branches.
    A road, a tree, or a stream forks.
  2. (transitive) To move with a fork (as hay or food).
    • (Can we date this quote by Prof. Wilson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      forking the sheaves on the high-laden cart
  3. (computer science) To spawn a new child process in some sense duplicating the existing process.
  4. (computer science) To split a (software) project into several projects.
  5. (computer science) To split a (software) distributed version control repository
  6. (Britain) To kick someone in the crotch.
  7. To shoot into blades, as corn does.
    • (Can we date this quote by Mortimer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The corn beginneth to fork.
  8. Euphemistic form of fuck.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

fork (plural forks)

  1. (mining) The bottom of a sump into which the water of a mine drains.

Verb[edit]

fork (third-person singular simple present forks, present participle forking, simple past and past participle forked)

  1. (mining, transitive) To bale a shaft dry.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse forkr (boathook), from Latin furca (fork, pitchfork).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɔrk/, [fɒːɡ̊]

Noun[edit]

fork c (singular definite forken, plural indefinite forke)

  1. (two-pronged) fork, pitchfork

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English fork in the computer science sense. Doublet of vork (fork).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fork f (plural forks, diminutive forkje n)

  1. (computer science) A fork, splitting-up of an existing process into itself and a child process executing parts of the same program.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

fork

  1. Alternative form of forke