вила

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈviɫɐ]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vidla, an instrumental noun from ви́я (víja, to twine, to curve) +‎ -ла (-la, instrumental suffix).

Noun[edit]

ви́ла (vílaf

  1. pitchfork
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вила¹”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • вила¹”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vila, probably akin to Bulgarian ви́хър (víhǎr, gale, wind torrent), вие́лица (viélica, blizzard).

Another hypothesis (per Vasmer) relates the word to Proto-Indo-European *weh₁y- (to chase, to pursue), presumably with an original meaning prosecutor, haunter.

Noun[edit]

ви́ла (vílaf

  1. vila (mythological creature from Slavic mythology similar to nymphs and fairies)
    Synonyms: фе́я (féja), ни́мфа (nímfa), ди́ва (díva)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • вила²”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • вила²”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vīlla. Akin to dialectal Bulgarian вес (ves, small settlement, camp, dwelling) (outdated, historical).

Noun[edit]

ви́ла (vílaf (relational adjective ви́лен)

  1. villa, mansion
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • вила³”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • вила³”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Komi-Permyak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian ви́лы (víly).

вила

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʋiˈla/, [ʋiˈɫä]
  • Hyphenation: ви‧ла

Noun[edit]

вила́ (vilá)

  1. pitchfork

Declension[edit]

Declension of вила (stem: вила-)
singular plural
nominative вила (vila) вилаэз (vilaez)
accusative I* вила (vila) вилаэз (vilaez)
II* вилаӧс (vilaös) вилаэзӧс (vilaezös)
instrumental вилаӧн (vilaön) вилаэзӧн (vilaezön)
comitative вилакӧт (vilaköt) вилаэзкӧт (vilaezköt)
caritive вилатӧг (vilatög) вилаэзтӧг (vilaeztög)
consecutive вилала (vilala) вилаэзла (vilaezla)
genitive вилалӧн (vilalön) вилаэзлӧн (vilaezlön)
ablative вилалісь (vilaliś) вилаэзлісь (vilaezliś)
dative вилалӧ (vilalö) вилаэзлӧ (vilaezlö)
inessive вилаын (vilayn) вилаэзын (vilaezyn)
elative вилаись (vilaiś) вилаэзісь (vilaeziś)
illative вилаӧ (vilaö) вилаэзӧ (vilaezö)
egressive виласянь (vilaśań) вилаэзсянь (vilaezśań)
approximative вилалань (vilalań) вилаэзлань (vilaezlań)
terminative I вилаӧдз (vilaödź) вилаэзӧдз (vilaezödź)
II вилави (vilavi) вилаэзви (vilaezvi)
prolative вилаӧт (vilaöt) вилаэзӧт (vilaezöt)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Possessive declension of вила
First person singular
singular plural
nominative вилаӧ (vilaö) вилаэзӧ (vilaezö)
accusative I* вилаӧ (vilaö) вилаэзӧ (vilaezö)
II* вилаӧс (vilaös) вилаэзӧс (vilaezös)
instrumental виланам (vilanam) вилаэзнам (vilaeznam)
comitative вилаӧкӧт (vilaököt) вилаэзӧкӧт (vilaezököt)
caritive вилаӧтӧг (vilaötög) вилаэзӧтӧг (vilaezötög)
consecutive вилаӧла (vilaöla) вилаэзӧла (vilaezöla)
genitive вилаӧлӧн (vilaölön) вилаэзӧлӧн (vilaezölön)
ablative вилаӧлісь (vilaöliś) вилаэзӧлісь (vilaezöliś)
dative вилаӧлӧ (vilaölö) вилаэзӧлӧ (vilaezölö)
inessive вилаам (vilaam) вилаэзам (vilaezam)
elative виласим (vilaśim) вилаэзсим (vilaezśim)
illative вилаам (vilaam) вилаэзам (vilaezam)
egressive вилаӧсянь (vilaöśań) вилаэзӧсянь (vilaezöśań)
approximative вилаӧлань (vilaölań) вилаэзӧлань (vilaezölań)
terminative I вилаӧддзам (vilaöddźam) вилаэзӧддзам (vilaezöddźam)
II вилаӧви (vilaövi) вилаэзӧви (vilaezövi)
prolative вилаӧттям (vilaötťam) вилаэзӧттям (vilaezötťam)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person singular
singular plural
nominative вилаыт (vilayt) вилаэт (vilaet)
accusative I* вилаыт (vilayt) вилаэт (vilaet)
II* вилатӧ (vilatö) вилаэзтӧ (vilaeztö)
instrumental виланат (vilanat) вилаэзнат (vilaeznat)
comitative вилаыткӧт (vilaytköt) вилаэткӧт (vilaetköt)
caritive вилаыттӧг (vilayttög) вилаэттӧг (vilaettög)
consecutive вилаытла (vilaytla) вилаэтла (vilaetla)
genitive вилаытлӧн (vilaytlön) вилаэтлӧн (vilaetlön)
ablative вилаытлісь (vilaytliś) вилаэтлісь (vilaetliś)
dative вилаытлӧ (vilaytlö) вилаэтлӧ (vilaetlö)
inessive вилаат (vilaat) вилаэзат (vilaezat)
elative виласит (vilaśit) вилаэзсит (vilaezśit)
illative вилаат (vilaat) вилаэзат (vilaezat)
egressive вилаытсянь (vilaytśań) вилаэтсянь (vilaetśań)
approximative вилаытлань (vilaytlań) вилаэтлань (vilaetlań)
terminative I вилаӧддзат (vilaöddźat) вилаэзӧддзат (vilaezöddźat)
II вилаытви (vilaytvi) вилаэтви (vilaetvi)
prolative вилаӧттят (vilaötťat) вилаэзӧттят (vilaezötťat)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person singular
singular plural
nominative вилаыс (vilays) вилаэс (vilaes)
accusative I* вилаыс (vilays) вилаэс (vilaes)
II* виласӧ (vilasö) вилаэсӧ (vilaesö)
instrumental виланас (vilanas) вилаэзнас (vilaeznas)
comitative вилаыскӧт (vilaysköt) вилаэскӧт (vilaesköt)
caritive вилаыстӧг (vilaystög) вилаэстӧг (vilaestög)
consecutive вилаысла (vilaysla) вилаэсла (vilaesla)
genitive вилаыслӧн (vilayslön) вилаэслӧн (vilaeslön)
ablative вилаыслісь (vilaysliś) вилаэслісь (vilaesliś)
dative вилаыслӧ (vilayslö) вилаэслӧ (vilaeslö)
inessive вилаас (vilaas) вилаэзас (vilaezas)
elative виласис (vilaśis) вилаэзсис (vilaezśis)
illative вилаас (vilaas) вилаэзас (vilaezas)
egressive вилаыссянь (vilaysśań) вилаэссянь (vilaesśań)
approximative вилаыслань (vilayslań) вилаэслань (vilaeslań)
terminative I вилаӧддзас (vilaöddźas) вилаэзӧддзас (vilaezöddźas)
II вилаысви (vilaysvi) вилаэсви (vilaesvi)
prolative вилаӧттяс (vilaötťas) вилаэзӧттяс (vilaezötťas)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
First person plural
singular plural
nominative виланым (vilanym) вилаэзным (vilaeznym)
accusative I* виланым (vilanym) вилаэзным (vilaeznym)
II* виланымӧ (vilanymö) вилаэзнымӧ (vilaeznymö)
instrumental вилананым (vilananym) вилаэзнаным (vilaeznanym)
comitative виланымкӧт (vilanymköt) вилаэзнымкӧт (vilaeznymköt)
caritive виланымтӧг (vilanymtög) вилаэзнымтӧг (vilaeznymtög)
consecutive виланымла (vilanymla) вилаэзнымла (vilaeznymla)
genitive виланымлӧн (vilanymlön) вилаэзнымлӧн (vilaeznymlön)
ablative виланымлісь (vilanymliś) вилаэзнымлісь (vilaeznymliś)
dative виланымлӧ (vilanymlö) вилаэзнымлӧ (vilaeznymlö)
inessive вилааным (vilaanym) вилаэзаным (vilaezanym)
elative виласиным (vilaśinym) вилаэзсиным (vilaezśinym)
illative вилааным (vilaanym) вилаэзаным (vilaezanym)
egressive виланымсянь (vilanymśań) вилаэзнымсянь (vilaeznymśań)
approximative виланымлань (vilanymlań) вилаэзнымлань (vilaeznymlań)
terminative I вилаӧддзаным (vilaöddźanym) вилаэзӧддзаным (vilaezöddźanym)
II виланымви (vilanymvi) вилаэзнымви (vilaeznymvi)
prolative вилаӧттяным (vilaötťanym) вилаэзӧттяным (vilaezötťanym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person plural
singular plural
nominative виланыт (vilanyt) вилаэзныт (vilaeznyt)
accusative I* виланыт (vilanyt) вилаэзныт (vilaeznyt)
II* виланытӧ (vilanytö) вилаэзнытӧ (vilaeznytö)
instrumental вилананыт (vilananyt) вилаэзнаныт (vilaeznanyt)
comitative виланыткӧт (vilanytköt) вилаэзныткӧт (vilaeznytköt)
caritive виланыттӧг (vilanyttög) вилаэзныттӧг (vilaeznyttög)
consecutive виланытла (vilanytla) вилаэзнытла (vilaeznytla)
genitive виланытлӧн (vilanytlön) вилаэзнытлӧн (vilaeznytlön)
ablative виланытлісь (vilanytliś) вилаэзнытлісь (vilaeznytliś)
dative виланытлӧ (vilanytlö) вилаэзнытлӧ (vilaeznytlö)
inessive вилааныт (vilaanyt) вилаэзаныт (vilaezanyt)
elative виласиныт (vilaśinyt) вилаэзсиныт (vilaezśinyt)
illative вилааныт (vilaanyt) вилаэзаныт (vilaezanyt)
egressive виланытсянь (vilanytśań) вилаэзнытсянь (vilaeznytśań)
approximative виланытлань (vilanytlań) вилаэзнытлань (vilaeznytlań)
terminative I вилаӧддзаныт (vilaöddźanyt) вилаэзӧддзаныт (vilaezöddźanyt)
II виланытви (vilanytvi) вилаэзнытви (vilaeznytvi)
prolative вилаӧттяныт (vilaötťanyt) вилаэзӧттяныт (vilaezötťanyt)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person plural
singular plural
nominative виланыс (vilanys) вилаэзныс (vilaeznys)
accusative I* виланыс (vilanys) вилаэзныс (vilaeznys)
II* виланысӧ (vilanysö) вилаэзнысӧ (vilaeznysö)
instrumental вилананыс (vilananys) вилаэзнаныс (vilaeznanys)
comitative виланыскӧт (vilanysköt) вилаэзныскӧт (vilaeznysköt)
caritive виланыстӧг (vilanystög) вилаэзныстӧг (vilaeznystög)
consecutive виланысла (vilanysla) вилаэзнысла (vilaeznysla)
genitive виланыслӧн (vilanyslön) вилаэзныслӧн (vilaeznyslön)
ablative виланыслісь (vilanysliś) вилаэзныслісь (vilaeznysliś)
dative виланыслӧ (vilanyslö) вилаэзныслӧ (vilaeznyslö)
inessive вилааныс (vilaanys) вилаэзаныс (vilaezanys)
elative виласиныс (vilaśinys) вилаэзсиныс (vilaezśinys)
illative вилааныс (vilaanys) вилаэзаныс (vilaezanys)
egressive виланыссянь (vilanysśań) вилаэзныссянь (vilaeznysśań)
approximative виланыслань (vilanyslań) вилаэзныслань (vilaeznyslań)
terminative I вилаӧддзаныс (vilaöddźanys) вилаэзӧддзаныс (vilaezöddźanys)
II виланысви (vilanysvi) вилаэзнысви (vilaeznysvi)
prolative вилаӧттяныс (vilaötťanys) вилаэзӧттяныс (vilaezötťanys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.

References[edit]

  • R. M. Batalova; A. S. Krivoshchekova-Gantman (1985) Коми-пермяцко-русский словарь [Komi-Permyak-Russian dictionary]‎[1], Moscow: Русский язык

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vila.

Noun[edit]

вила (vilaf (plural вили)

  1. fairy
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vidla.

Noun[edit]

вила (vilaf (plural вили)

  1. pitchfork
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin villa.

Noun[edit]

вила (vilaf (plural вили)

  1. villa

Declension[edit]

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

вила́ (vilá)

  1. feminine singular past indicative imperfective of вить (vitʹ)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vila. Cognate with Bulgarian самовила (samovila) and вила (vila, fairy), Slovene vila (fairy living in the forest or in the water), Russian вила́ (vilá) and Slovak víla (fairy). According to Vasmer, non-Slavic cognates include Old Norse veiðr (hunt) and Avestan𐬬𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌(vaiieiti, he pursuits, frightens).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʋǐːla/
  • Hyphenation: ви‧ла

Noun[edit]

ви́ла f (Latin spelling víla)

  1. fairy
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin villa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʋîla/
  • Hyphenation: ви‧ла

Noun[edit]

ви̏ла f (Latin spelling vȉla)

  1. villa
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “вила”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress