вес

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vьsь (settlement). Akin to Bulgarian вила (vila, villa) (of Latin origin) and further to archaic English wick (dwelling) (found in Gatwick, Reykjavík, etc.). Possibly also related to the ethnonym ви́кинг (víking, viking), which is the origin of Bulgarian ви́тег (víteg), ви́тез (vítez, hero, knight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

вес (vesm

  1. (historical) hamlet (small settlement, camp)
    Synonyms: махала́ (mahalá), ви́лна зо́на (vílna zóna)

Usage notes[edit]

Used until the Ottoman conquest to denote temporary or isolated settlements that lacked the infrastructure to be qualified as full-fledged villages. After the Ottoman conquest, such settlements became known as махала́ (mahalá) - a term used as an administrative unit until the 1980's.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вьсь in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1971) , “*вес”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 136

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vʲes]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -es

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

вес (vesm inan (genitive ве́са, nominative plural веса́, genitive plural весо́в, related adjective весово́й)

  1. weight
  2. influence, authority, importance
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • The Russian equivalent of "weightless" is either без ве́са or без ве́су.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

вес (vesm inan (genitive ве́са, uncountable)

  1. hanging position, suspended position, balanced position; mostly in the expression на весу́ (na vesú, suspended)
Declension[edit]